The Encyclopedia of Hočąk (Winnebago) Mythology

© 2005

by Richard L. Dieterle
e-mail: diete003@umn.edu


Searchable Archives
Archive-It Location (2010-2013)
Wayback Machine Archive Location (2001-2014)



Visits since March 3, 1999

Note: This website is a work in progress, so files are being constantly added, revised, and updated.

Some stories may contain subject matter not suitable for children.


"New" refers to items added after February 15, 2014.

"R" denotes items substantially revised after February 15, 2014.


| Guides | Maps | Essays | Language Studies | Narrative Structure | Sayings | Ethnography | Archaeology | Archaeoastronomy | Subject Entries | Stories (Waiką & Worak) | Place Name Stories | Personal Histories | Foreign Stories Told by the Hočągara | Mention of the Hočągara in the Mythology of Other Nations | Big Knife Fiction of Hočąk Inspiration | Miscellaneous Material | Genealogies | Spuria | Pictures | Resources and External Links | Other Sites by Richard Dieterle |


Acknowledgement

Guides

The Format

Contributors

Core Myths

Catalogue of Story Types

Catalogue of Themes

Songs

Musical Scores

Glossary

Glossary of Indian Nations

Glossary of Non-Indian Nations

Hočąk Bibliography

Radin's Winnebago Notebooks at the American Philosophical Society

Susman's Winnebago Notebooks at the American Philosophical Society

McKern's Winnebago Notebook at the Milwaukee Public Museum • Includes all the original MSS

The McKern Papers on Hočąk Ethnography, Printed Version

Hočąk Syllabary, Transliteration, and Pronunciation

Myths Analysed in Lévi-Strauss, "Four Winnebago Myths"


Maps

Carte du Pays des Sauvages Renards, 1730 (Lake Winnebago and Vicinity) | Carver’s Travels | Devil's Lake | Devil’s Lake Contour Map | De Soto, McGregor, Paint Rock, La Crosse, Prairie du Chien | Green Lake & Lake Puckaway | Lake Mendota & Lost Lake | Lake Wingra | Lake Winnebago & Green Lake | Long Prairie Reservation, 1843 | Manawa in Relation to Green Bay | Miwok Tribe, Distribution in California | Necedah | Northern Illinois, 1834 | Old Manawa | Silver Mound | Wazija (Wisconsin) | Winneconnee | Wisconsin Dells


Essays

Paradise Lost

The Five Apparitions of Morning Star

Table: 1-Flower Days in Mʰ I (Rabbit Years)

Table: Vulture Days in Mʰ I (Rabbit Years)

The Rise of Morning Star

The Rise of Morning Star Note

Trickster's Pregnancy and the Seasons of Corn


Language Studies

Word and Phrase Lists

Hočąk Lexicon (in process) 64,844 Entries

Foster's Word List -

English-Hočąk

Hočąk-English

Gatschet & StCyr, "Hotchank hit’é: The Winnebago Language"

Hočąk Vocabulary (unknown compiler), ISIL 1880 Format

Comparative Frequency of Select Words in Certain Stories

Letter Frequency Inventory

The Lord's Prayer in Hočąk

Hočąk Texts

The Abduction and Rescue of Trickster | The Animal that would Eat Men | The Arrows of the Medicine Rite Men (v. 1) | The Arrows of the Medicine Rite Men (v. 2) | Battle of the Night Blessed Men and the Medicine Rite Men | Bear Clan Origin Myth (v. 7) | Bear Clan Origin Myth (v. 8) | Bear Offers Himself as Food (v. 2) | Beliefs Concerning Ghosts | Big Eater | Bird Clan Origin Myth | The Birth of the Twins (v. 1) | The Birth of the Twins (v. 2) | The Birth of the Twins (v. 3) | Bladder and His Brothers (v. 1) | Bladder and His Brothers (v. 2) | Bladder and His Brothers (v. 5) | Bladder and His Brothers (v. 6) | The Blessing of the Bow | Bluehorn Rescues His Sister | The Boy Who Flew | The Boy who would be Immortal - 1 | The Boy who would be Immortal - 2 | Brave Man Gambles | The Brown Squirrel | The Buffalo's Walk | The Bungling Host | The Canine Warrior | The Captive Boys | The Claw Shooter | The Completion Song Origin | Coughing Up Black Hawks | Creation of Man (v. 8) | Creation of the World (v. 11) | Deer Clan Origin Myth (v. 1) | Descent of the Drum, Version 1 | Descent of the Drum (v. 2) | The Diving Contest | The Dipper | Disease Giver Blesses Jobenągiwįxka | Dying in War | Earthmaker Blesses Wešgíšega (v. 1) | Earthmaker Blesses Wešgíšega (v. 2) | Earthmaker Sends Rušewe to the Twins (v. 1) | Earthmaker Sends Rušewe to the Twins (v. 2) | East Enters the Medicine Lodge (v. 1) | East Enters the Medicine Lodge (v. 2) | East Shakes the Messenger | The Elk's Skull | Farewell Songs | The Fatal House | The Father of the Twins Attempts to Flee (v. 1) | The Father of the Twins Attempts to Flee (v. 2) | The Father of the Twins Attempts to Flee (v. 3) | Fighting Retreat | Fireman's Brother | First Contact | The Fleetfooted Man | The Four Services Songs | The Four Slumbers Origin Myth | The Four Steps of the Cougar | The Fox-Hočąk War | Ghost Dance Origin Myth I | Ghost Dance Origin Myth II | A Giant Visits His Daughter | The Gift of Shooting | Grandmother's Gifts | Hare Burns His Buttocks | Hare Establishes Bear Hunting | Hare Gets Swallowed | Hare Kills a Man with a Cane | Hare Recruits Game Animals for Humans (v. 2) | Hare Steals the Fish | Hawk Clan Origin Myth | Heroka Songs | Historical Origins of the Medicine Rite | Hog's Adventures | Holy One and His Brother | How Little Priest went out as a Soldier | The Ice Hole | Iron Staff and His Companions | The Island Weight Songs | Įčorúšika and His Brothers | Journey to Spiritland (v. 1a) | Journey to Spiritland (v. 1b) | Journey to Spiritland (v. 4) | Journey to Spiritland, (v. 5) | Journey to Spiritland (v. 6) | Journey to Spiritland (v. 8) | Kaǧiga | The Lame Friend | Little Fox is Invited to a Feast | Little Fox Goes on the Warpath | Little Human Head | Little Thunder | The Lord's Prayer | The Lost Blanket (v. 1) | The Lost Blanket (v. 2) | A Man's Revenge | The Man with Two Heads | The Man who went to the Upper & Lower Worlds | The Man Whose Wife was Captured (v. 1) | The Markings on the Moon (v. 2) (with notes by Gatschet) | Mąznį’ąbera | Medicine Rite Foundation Myth (v. 2) | Medicine Rite Foundation Myth (v. 4) | The Messengers of Hare (v. 1) | The Messengers of Hare (v. 2a) (First Telling) | The Messengers of Hare (v. 2b) (Second Telling) | Migistéga | Mink Soils the Princess | A Mink Tricks Trickster | The Mission of the Five Sons of Earthmaker (v. 2) | Morning Star and His Friend | The Necessity for Death (v. 2) | The Necessity for Death (v. 3) |The Nightspirits Bless Čiwoit’éhiga | The Nightspirits Bless Jobenągiwįxka | The Old Man and the Giants | Old Man and Wears White Feather |The Omahas who Turned into Snakes | Origin of the Decorah Family | The Osage Massacre | Otter Comes to the Medicine Rite | Paint Medicine Origin Myth | The Pointing Man (v. 1) | The Pointing Man (v. 2) | Potato Magic | A Prophecy | Resurrection of the Chief's Daughter | Rich Man, Boy, and Horse | The Scenting Contest | The Seer | Shakes the Earth | The Shell Anklets Origin Myth (v. 2) | A Sioux Story | Snake Song Origin Myth | Snowshoe Strings | Soldier Dance Songs | The Song to the Elephant | Song of the Mouse | South Enters the Medicine Lodge (v. 1) | South Enters the Medicine Lodge (v. 2) | South Seizes the Messenger | The Stone that Turned into a Frog | The Story of the Thunder Names | Šųgepaga | The Sweetened Drink Song | Testing the Slave, Version 1 | Testing the Slave (v. 2) | Thunderbird and White Horse | Thunderbird Clan Origin Myth (v. 3) | Thunderbird Clan Origin Myth (v. 7) | Thunder Cloud is Blessed | Thunder Cloud Marries Again | Tobacco Origin Myth (v. 3) | Tobacco Origin Myth (v. 4) | Tobacco Origin Myth (v. 5) | Traveler and the Thunderbird War (v. 1) | Trickster and the Children | Trickster and the Dancers (v. 2) | Trickster and the Mothers | Trickster Concludes His Mission | Trickster Eats the Laxative Bulb (v. 2) | Trickster Gets Pregnant | Trickster Loses His Meal, Version 1 | Trickster Loses Most of His Penis | Trickster Takes Little Fox for a Ride | Trickster Visits His Family | Trickster's Adventures in the Ocean | Trickster's Anus Guards the Ducks (v. 1) | Trickster's Anus Guards the Ducks (v. 2) | Trickster's Buffalo Hunt | Trickster's Penis | Trickster's Tail | Trickster's Warpath | Turtle and the Giant | Turtle and the Merchant | Turtle's Warparty (v. 2) | Turtle's Warparty (v. 3) | The Twins Disobey Their Father (v. 1) | The Twins Disobey Their Father (v. 2) | The Twins Disobey Their Father (v. 3) | The Twins Get into Hot Water (v. 1) | The Twins Get into Hot Water (v. 2) | The Twins Get into Hot Water (v. 3) | The Twins Join Redhorn's Warparty | The Twins Kill a Waterspirit (Earthmaker Sends Rušewe to the Twins (v. 3) | The Twins Retrieve Redstar's Head: 1-59 | The Twins Visit Their Father's Village (v. 1) | The Twins Visit Their Father's Village (v. 2) | The Twins Visit Their Father's Village (v. 3) | The Two Boys | The Two Brothers | Wanihéga Becomes a Sak’į | Waterspirit Bluehorn (Brave Man) | The Were-fish (v. 2) | The Were-Grizzly | A Wife for Knowledge | Wolves and Humans | The Woman who Became a Walnut Tree | Worúxega | Young Man Gambles Often |


Narrative Structure

| Coughing Up Black Hawks | Four Steps of the Cougar |


Sayings

Hočąk Sayings • 4/2/2014


Ethnography

(1766) Captain Jonathan Carver, “Travels through the Interior Parts of North-America, in the Years 1766, 1767, and 1768”

(1820) Rev. Jedidiah Morse, “A Report to the Secretary of War of the United States, on Indian Affairs”

(1823) C. C. Trowbridge, “Manners, Customs, and International Laws of the Win-nee-baa-goa Nation” [missing its "Language" subsection]

(1829) Caleb Atwater, “Remarks Made on a Tour to Prairie du Chien thence to Washington City in 1829”

(1835) George Featherstonhaugh, “A Canoe Voyage Up the Minnay Sotor”

(1838) Caleb Atwater, “A History of the State of Ohio, Natural and Civil”

(1910) Paul Radin, “The Clan Structure of the Winnebago. A Preliminary Report”

(1914) Paul Radin, “Personal Reminiscences of a Winnebago Indian” 3/1/2014

(1927) The McKern Papers on Hočąk Ethnography, Printed Version

Index to McKern Papers


Archaeology

Gottschall: A New Interpretation

Gottschall: Debate and Discussion

The Gottschall Head

Grizzlyman as a Preform of Blue Bear

Notes to "Grizzlyman as a Preform of Blue Bear"

The Redhorn Panel at Picture Cave: An American Star Map

Table: The Correspondence of the Moon at Various Dates with the Winged Oval Figure

Denoting Marks of the Redhorn Panel and Their Astronomical Values

A Modern Analogue to the Redhorn Panel Map

The Thruston Tablet: Deciphering the Iconography of an Ancient Twins Cycle

Notes to "The Thruston Tablet"

see also, The Rise of Morning Star


Archaeoastronomy

Is the Chaco Canyon Rock Art a Star Map Showing SN 1054?

The Five Apparitions of Morning Star

The Five Apparitions of Evening Star


Subject Entries (Personages, Lands, Sacred Objects, Concepts)

Ants

Aurora Borealis

Bear

Bear Spirits

Bears

Beavers

Bees

Bird Spirits

Black Bear

Black Hawk

Black Hawks

Bladder

Blue (or Gray) Bear

Blue Jay

Bluehorn (Evening Star)

Buffalo Spirits

Butterflies

Calendar — see Moon

The Cardinal Points

Celestial Spirits

Chipmunks

Cosmography

Cougars (Mountain Lions, Pumas, Panthers)

Coyote

Crane

The Creation Council

Crows, see Kaǧi

Day

Deer Spirits

Devil's Lake

Disease Giver

Ducks

Eagle

Earth (Grandmother)

Earthmaker (Mą’ųna)

Elk

Fire

Fish Spirits

Fishers

Flint

The Forked Man

Genealogy

Foxes

Frogs

Ghosts

Hočąk Text — Beliefs Concerning Ghosts

Giants

Gourd Rattles

Grandmother — see Earth

Grasshoppers

Great Black Hawk

Great Spirit — see Earthmaker (Mą’ųna)

Hare (Wašjįgéga, Rabbit)

See also The Hare Cycle

Hawks

Herešgúnina (the Devil)

Heroka

Hočąk-English Interlinear Text — Heroka Songs

see also, The Redhorn Panel at Picture Cave: An American Star Map

[He Who has] Human Heads as Earlobes — see Redhorn

Horses

Hummingbirds

Iron Spirits

Island Weights

Kaǧi (Crows, Ravens)

Kečągéga — see Turtle

Lake Winnebago

Leeches

Lice

Lightning

Little Children Spirits

Little Fox

Loons

Maize

Martens

Mą’ųna — see Earthmaker

The Meteor Spirit

Mice

Minks

Moon

Helmbrecht and Lehmann's List of Hočąk Moons

Jipson's List of Hočąk Moons

McKern's List of Hočąk Moons

Osage Moons

Sioux Moons

Susman's List of Hočąk Moons

Trowbridge's List of Hočąk Moons (1823)

Morning Star

see also, The Rise of Morning Star

Mountain Lions — see Cougars

Nightspirits

The North Wind

One Legged One

Otters

Owls

Partridge

Pigeon

Pigeon Hawk

Polaris

Pretty Woman

Rabbit (Wašjįgéga) — see Hare

Raccoons

Ravens, see Kaǧi

Red Bear

Red Star — see Bluehorn

Redhorn

See also The Redhorn Cycle, The Redhorn Panel at Picture Cave: An American Star Map

Redman

Rock Spirits

Rušewe

Skunks

Sleets as He Walks

Snakes

Snowbirds

The Sons of Earthmaker

The Sons of Redhorn

See also The Redhorn Cycle

South Wind

Spiders

Spirit Woman (Hinųkxop’ini)

Spirits (Waxop’ini)

Squirrels

Storms as He Walks

Sun

Supernatural and Spiritual Power

Swans

The Thunderbird Warclub

Thunderbirds

Tobacco

Traveler

Tree Spirits

Trickster (Wakjąkága)

See also The Trickster Cycle

Turkeys

Turtle (Kečąkega)

Turtle Spirits

The Twins

Wašjįgéga — see Hare

Wakjąkaga — see Trickster

The Wąkpanįgera

Wanąǧi — see Ghosts

Wanąǧi Mónąč

The Waterspirit of Green Lake

Waterspirits

The Wazija

Weasels

Wears Sparrows for a Coat

White Bear

Wildcats (Bobcats)

Witches

Wolf & Dog Spirits

Wonáǧire Wąkšik

Wood Spirits

Yųgiwi


Stories

Adventures of Redhorn's Sons

Ancient Blessing

The Animal Spirit Aids of the Medicine Rite

Hočąk Text —The Animal Spirit Aids of the Medicine Rite

The Animal who would Eat Men

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Animal that would Eat Men

The Annihilation of the Hočągara I

Annihilation of the Hočągara II

Aračgéga's Blessings

The Arrows of the Medicine Rite Men

Hočąk Text — The Arrows of the Medicine Rite Men (v. 1)

Hočąk Text — The Arrows of the Medicine Rite Men (v. 2)

Baldheaded Warclub Origin Myth

The Baldness of the Buzzard

Battle of the Night Blessed Men and the Medicine Rite Men

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Battle of the Night Blessed Men and the Medicine Rite Men

The Bear Clan Origin Myth

Hočąk Text — Bear Clan Origin Myth, Version 7

Hočąk Text — Bear Clan Origin Myth, Version 8

Bear Offers Himself as Food

Hočąk Text — Bear Offers Himself as Food, Version 2

Berdache Origin Myth

The Big Eater

Hočąk Text — Big Eater

Big Eagle Cave Mystery

The Big Stone

Big Thunder Teaches Čap’ósgaga the Warpath

Bird Clan Origin Myth

Hočąk Text — Bird Clan Origin Myth

Quapah Convergences with the Common Winnebago-Chiwere Clan System (Table)

Osage and Hočąk Clans Compared (Table)

Omaha and Hočąk Clans Compared (Table)

Bird Origin Myth

Black and White Moons

Bladder and His Brothers

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Bladder and His Brothers, Version 1

Hočąk Text — Bladder and His Brothers, Version 2

Hočąk Text — Bladder and His Brothers, Version 5

Hočąk Text — Bladder and His Brothers, Version 6

The Blessing of a Bear Clansman

The Blessing of the Bow

Hočąk Text — The Blessing of the Bow

The Blessings of the Buffalo Spirits

The Blessing of Šokeboka

The Blessing of Kerexųsaka

Bluehorn's Nephews

Bluehorn Rescues His Sister

Hočąk Text — Bluehorn Rescues His Sister

The Boulders of Devil's Lake

The Boy Captured by the Bad Thunderbirds

The Boy who became a Robin

The Boy who Flew

Hočąk Text — The Boy Who Flew

The Boy who was Blessed by a Mountain Lion

The Boy who would be Immortal

Hočąk Text — The Boy who would be Immortal - 1

Hočąk Text — The Boy who would be Immortal - 2

Brass and Red Bear Boy

Brave Man

Hočąk Text — Waterspirit Bluehorn

Brave Man Gambles

Hočąk Text — Brave Man Gambles

The Brown Squirrel

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Brown Squirrel

Buffalo Clan Origin Myth

Buffalo Dance Origin Myth

The Buffalo's Walk

Hočąk Text — The Buffalo's Walk

The Canine Warrior

Hočąk Text — The Canine Warrior

The Captive Boys

Hočąk Text — The Captive Boys

The Chief of the Heroka

The Children of the Sun

The Choke Cherry Wild Cat

The Claw Shooter

Hočąk Text — The Claw Shooter

The Commandments of Earthmaker

Completion Song Origin

Hočąk Text — The Completion Song Origin

The Cosmic Ages of the Hočągara

Coughing Up Black Hawks

Hočąk Text — Coughing Up Black Hawks

Narrative Structure — Coughing Up Black Hawks

Coyote and the Ghost, see Little Fox and the Ghost

Coyote Goes on the Warpath, see Little Fox Goes on the Warpath

Crane and His Brothers

The Creation of Evil

The Creation of Man • Commentary added for Version 8, 6/15/2014

Hočąk Text — Creation of Man, Version 8 • 6/15/2014

The Creation of the World

Hočąk Text — Creation of the World, Version 11

Version 14

The Daughter-in-Law's Jealousy

Death Enters the World

Deer Clan Origin Myth

Hočąk Text — Deer Clan Origin Myth, Version 1

The Descent of the Drum

Hočąk Text — Descent of the Drum, Version 1

Hočąk Text — Descent of the Drum, Version 2

Devil's Lake — How It Got Its Name

The Dipper

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Dipper

Disease Giver Blesses Jobenągiwįxka

Hočąk Text — Disease Giver Blesses Jobenągiwįxka

The Diving Contest — Retelling replaced by a translation, commentary expanded • 4/5/2014

Hočąk Text — The Diving Contest • 4/5/2014

The Dog that became a Panther

The Dog Who Saved His Master

The Dogs of the Chief's Son

Eagle Clan Origin Myth

Earthmaker Blesses Wešgíšega

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Earthmaker Blesses Wešgíšega, v. 1

Hočąk Text — Earthmaker Blesses Wešgíšega, v. 2

East Enters the Medicine Lodge

Hočąk Text — East Enters the Medicine Lodge (v. 1)

Hočąk Text — East Enters the Medicine Lodge (v. 2)

East Shakes the Messenger

Hočąk Text — East Shakes the Messenger

The Elk Clan Origin Myth

Esau was an Indian

Fable of the Mouse

The Fall of the Stars

The Fatal House

Hočąk Text — The Fatal House

Fighting Retreat

Hočąk Text — Fighting Retreat

First Contact

Hočąk Text — First Contact

The First Fox and Sauk War

The First Snakes

Fish Clan Origins

The Fleetfooted Man

Hočąk Text — The Fleetfooted Man

The Foolish Hunter

The Four Slumbers Origin Myth

Hočąk Text — The Four Slumbers Origin Myth

The Four Steps of the Cougar

Hočąk Text — The Four Steps of the Cougar

Four Steps of the Cougar, Narrative Structure

Fourth Universe

The Fox-Hočąk War

Hočąk Text — The Fox-Hočąk War

The Marin Letter

The Ghost Dance Origin Myth I

Hočąk Text — Ghost Dance Origin Myth I

The Ghost Dance Origin Myth II

Hočąk Text — Ghost Dance Origin Myth II

A Giant Visits His Daughter

Hočąk Text — A Giant Visits His Daughter

The Gift of Shooting

Hočąk Text — The Gift of Shooting

The Girl who Refused a Blessing from the Wood Spirits

The Glory of the Morning

Grandfather's Two Families

Grandmother's Gifts

Hočąk Text — Grandmother's Gifts

The Gray Wolf Origin Myth

The Great Fish

The Great Lodge

Great Walker and the Anishinaabe Witches

Great Walker's Medicine

Great Walker's Warpath

The Greedy Woman

The Green Man

The Green Waterspirit of the Wisconsin Dells

The Hare Cycle

§1. Hare Acquires His Arrows

§2. Hare and the Grasshoppers

§3. Hare Kills Flint

§4. Hare Kills Sharp Elbow

§5. Hare Visits His Grandfather Bear

§6. Grandmother Packs the Bear Meat

§7. Hare Visits the Bodiless Heads

§8. Hare Kills a Man with a Cane

Hočąk Text — Hare Kills a Man with a Cane

§9. Hare Burns His Buttocks

Hočąk Text — Hare Burns His Buttocks [incomplete]

Hočąk Text — The Song of Sun Caught in a Net

§10. Hare Gets Swallowed

Hočąk Text — Hare Gets Swallowed, Version 2

Hočąk Text — The Song to the Elephant

§11. Hare Kills Wildcat

§12. Hare and the Dangerous Frog

§13. Hare Retrieves a Stolen Scalp

Paradise Lost

§14. Hare Recruits Game Animals for Humans

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Hare Recruits Game Animals for Humans, v. 2

§15. The Necessity for Death

Hočąk Text — The Necessity for Death, Version 2

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Necessity for Death, Version 3

Hare Establishes Bear Hunting

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Hare Establishes Bear Hunting

Hare Secures the Creation Lodge of the Medicine Rite

Hare Steals the Fish

Hočąk Text — Hare Steals the Fish

Hare Visits the Blind Men

Hawk Clan Origin Myth

Hočąk Text — Hawk Clan Origin Myth

Eats the Stinking Part of the Deer Ankle

The Healing Blessing

The Hill that Devoured Men and Animals

Historical Origins of the Medicine Rite

Hočąk Text — Historical Origins of the Medicine Rite

The Hočągara Contest the Giants

The Hočągara Migrate South

The Hočąk Arrival Myth

Hočąk Clans Origin Myth

The Hočąk Migration Myth

Hog's Adventures

Hočąk Text — Hog's Adventures

Holy One and His Brother

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Holy One and His Brother

Holy Song

Holy Song II

The Horse Spirit of Eagle Heights

How the Hills and Valleys were Formed

How the Thunders Met the Nights, or, The Live Iron (Mąznį’ąbera)

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Mąznį’ąbera

Įčorúšika and His Brothers

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Įčorúšika

see also, The Redhorn Panel at Picture Cave: An American Star Map

Ioway & Missouria Origins

Iron Staff and His Companions

Hočąk Text — Iron Staff and His Companions

The Island Weight Songs

Hočąk Text — The Island Weight Songs

The Journey to Spiritland

Hočąk Text — Journey to Spiritland, Version 1a

Hočąk Text — Journey to Spiritland, Version 1b

Hočąk Text — Journey to Spiritland, Version 4

Hočąk Text — Journey to Spiritland, Version 5

Hočąk Text — Journey to Spiritland, Version 6

Hočąk Text — Journey to Spiritland, Version 8

Kaǧiga and Lone Man

Hočąk Text — Kaǧiga

Keramaniš’aka's Blessing

The King Bird

The Lame Friend

Hočąk Text — The Lame Friend

Lifting Up the Bear Heads

Hočąk Text — Lifting Up the Bear Heads

Little Fox and the Ghost

Hočąk Text — Little Fox is Invited to a Feast

Little Fox Goes on the Warpath

Hočąk Text — Little Fox Goes on the Warpath

Little Human Head

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Little Human Head

The Lost Blanket

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Lost Blanket

The Lost Child

The Love Blessing (with two love songs)

Maize Comes to the Hočągara

Maize Origin Myth

A Man and His Three Dogs

The Man who Defied Disease Giver

The Man who Fell from the Sky

The Man who went to the Upper and Lower Worlds

Hočąk Text — The Man who went to the Upper & Lower Worlds

The Man Who Would Dream of Mą’ųna

The Man Whose Wife was Captured

Hočąk Text — The Man Whose Wife was Captured

The Man with Two Heads

Hočąk Text — The Man with Two Heads

A Man's Revenge

Hočąk Text — A Man's Revenge

The Markings on the Moon

Hočąk Text — The Markings on the Moon, Version 2 (with notes by Gatschet)

The Masaxe War

The Medicine Rite Foundation Myth

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Medicine Rite Foundation Myth, v. 2

Hočąk Text —Medicine Rite Foundation Myth (v. 4)

Menominee Origins (= Bear Clan Origin Myth, v. 2b)

The Messengers of Hare

Hočąk Text — The Messengers of Hare, Version 1

Hočąk Text —The Messengers of Hare, Version 2a (First Telling)

Hočąk Text —The Messengers of Hare, Version 2b (Second Telling)

The Meteor Spirit and the Origin of Wampum

Mijistéga and the Sauks

Migistéga’s Magic

Hočąk Text — Migistéga’s Magic

Migistéga's Death

The Mission of the Five Sons of Earthmaker

Hočąk Text — The Mission of the Five Sons of Earthmaker, V. 2

The Moiety Origin Myth

Morning Star and His Friend

Hočąk Text — Morning Star and His Friend

The Mulberry Picker

The Nightspirits Bless Čiwoit’éhiga

Hočąk Text — The Nightspirits Bless Čiwoit’éhiga

The Nightspirits Bless Jobenągiwįxka

Hočąk Text — The Nightspirits Bless Jobenągiwįxka

North Shakes His Gourd

The Oak Tree and the Man Who was Blessed by the Heroka

Ocean Duck

The Old Man and His Four Dogs

The Old Man and the Giants

Hočąk Text — The Old Man and the Giants

Old Man and Wears White Feather

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Old Man and Wears White Feather

Old Woman and the Maple Tree Spirit

The Omahas who turned into Snakes

Hočąk Text — the Omahas who Turned into Snakes

Origin of the Decorah Family

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Origin of the Decorah Family

The Origin of the Hočąk Chief

The Origin of the Milky Way

The Orphan who was Blessed with a Horse

The Osage Massacre

Hočąk Text — The Osage Massacre

Oto Origins

Otter Comes to the Medicine Rite • retelling replaced with a translation, commentary expanded, 3/31/2014

Hočąk Text — Otter Comes to the Medicine Rite • 3/30/2014

Owl Goes Hunting

Paint Medicine Origin Myth

Hočąk Text — Paint Medicine Origin Myth

Partridge's Older Brother

Peace of Mind Regained

Pete Dupeé and the Ghosts

The Petition to Earthmaker

The Phantom Woman

Pigeon Clan Origins

The Plant Blessing of Earth

Porcupine and His Brothers

A Prophecy

Hočąk Text — A Prophecy

The Quail Hunter

Quapah Origins

Quapah-Winnebago-Chiwere Clans

Raccoon and the Blind Men

The Raccoon Coat

A Raccoon Tricks Four Blind Me

The Red Feather

The Red Man

The Redhorn Cycle

§1. The Race for the Chief's Daughter

§2. Kunu's Warpath

§3. Redhorn and His Brothers Marry

§4. Redhorn Contests the Giants

§5. The Sons of Redhorn Find Their Father

§6. The Adventures of Redhorn's Sons

§7. The Seduction of Redhorn's Son

Redhorn's Father

Redhorn's Sons

The Reincarnated Grizzly Bear

The Resurrection of the Chief's Daughter

Hočąk Text — Resurrection of the Chief's Daughter

Rich Man, Boy, and Horse

Hočąk Text — Rich Man, Boy, and Horse

River Child and the Waterspirit of Devil's Lake

The Roaster

The Seer

Hočąk Text — The Seer

The Serpents of Trempealeau

The Seven Maidens

The Shaggy Man

Shakes the Earth

Hočąk Text — Shakes the Earth

The Shawnee Prophet and His Ascension

The Shawnee Prophet — What He Told the Hočągara

The Shell Anklets Origin Myth

Hočąk Text — The Shell Anklets Origin Myth, Version 2

The Sioux Warparty and the Waterspirit of Green Lake

Skunk Origin Myth

The Sky Man

Snake Clan Origins (fragmentary)

A Snake Song Origin Myth

Hočąk Text — Snake Song Origin Myth

Snowshoe Strings

Hočąk Text — Snowshoe Strings

Soft Shelled Turtle Gets Married

Song to Earthmaker

South Enters the Medicine Lodge

Hočąk Text — South Enters the Medicine Lodge, Version 1

Hočąk Text — South Enters the Medicine Lodge, Version 2 

South Seizes the Messenger

Hočąk Text — South Seizes the Messenger

The Spanish Fight

Spear Shaft and Lacrosse

The Spider's Eyes

The Spirit of Gambling

The Spirit of Maple Bluff

The Spotted Grizzly Man

The Star Husband

The Stone Heart

The Stone that Became a Frog

Hočąk Text — The Stone that Turned into a Frog

The Story of the Thunder Names

Hočąk Text — The Story of the Thunder Names

Šųgepaga

Hočąk Text — Šųgepaga

Sun and the Big Eater

The Sweetened Drink Song

Hočąk Text — The Sweetened Drink Song

The Tap on the Head Medicine

Tecumseh's Bulletproof Skin

Testing the Slave

Hočąk Text —Testing the Slave, Version 1

Hočąk Text —Testing the Slave, Version 2

The Thunder Charm

Thunder Cloud is Blessed • Expanded, 2/18/2014

Hočąk Text — Thunder Cloud is Blessed • Expanded, and Radin's original text inserted, 2/18/2014

Thunder Cloud Marries Again

Hočąk Text — Thunder Cloud Marries Again • Radin's original text inserted, 2/28/2014

The Thunderbird

Thunderbird and White Horse

Hočąk Text — Thunderbird and White Horse

Thunderbird Clan Origin Myth

Hočąk Text — Thunderbird Clan Origin Myth, Version 3

Hočąk Text — Thunderbird Clan Origin Myth, Version 7

Tobacco Origin Myth

Hočąk Text — Tobacco Origin Myth, Version 1

Hočąk Text — Tobacco Origin Myth, Version 3

Hočąk Text — Tobacco Origin Myth, Version 4

Hočąk Text — Tobacco Origin Myth, Version 5

Traveler and the Thunderbird War

Hočąk Text — Traveler and the Thunderbird War (v. 1)

Trickster and the Dancers

Hočąk Text — Trickster and the Dancers, Version 2

Trickster and the Eagle

Trickster and the Geese

Trickster and the Honey

The Trickster Cycle

§1. Trickster's Warpath

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster's Warpath

§2. Trickster's Buffalo Hunt

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster's Buffalo Hunt

§3. Trickster and the Children

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster and the Children

§4. Trickster's Adventures in the Ocean

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster's Adventures in the Ocean

§5. The Pointing Man

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Pointing Man, v. 1

Hočąk Text — The Pointing Man (v. 2)

§6. Trickster's Anus Guards the Ducks

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster's Anus Guards the Ducks (v. 1)

Hočąk Text — Trickster's Anus Guards the Ducks (v. 2)

§7. Trickster's Penis

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster's Penis

§8. The Abduction and Rescue of Trickster

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Abduction and Rescue of Trickster

§9. Trickster Gets Pregnant

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster Gets Pregnant

Essay: Trickster's Pregnancy and the Seasons of Corn

§10. Trickster Visits His Family

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster Visits His Family

§11. Trickster Eats the Laxative Bulb

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster Eats the Laxative Bulb, Version 2

§12. Trickster and the Mothers

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster and the Mothers

§13. Trickster Loses His Meal

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster Loses His Meal, Version 1

§14. The Elk's Skull

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Elk's Skull

§15. Trickster's Tail

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster's Tail

§16. A Mink Tricks Trickster

Hočąk Syllabic Text — A Mink Tricks Trickster

§17. Trickster Loses Most of His Penis

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster Loses Most of His Penis

§18. The Scenting Contest

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Scenting Contest

§19. The Bungling Host

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Bungling Host

§20. Mink Soils the Princess

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Mink Soils the Princess

§21. Trickster Takes Little Fox for a Ride

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster Takes Little Fox for a Ride

§22. Trickster Concludes His Mission

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Trickster Concludes His Mission

Trickster Soils the Princess

Trickster, Wolf, Lark, and Turtle

Turtle and the Giant

Hočąk Text — Turtle and the Giant

Turtle and the Merchant

Hočąk Text — Turtle and the Merchant

Turtle and the Witches

Turtle's Warparty

Hočąk Text — Turtle's Warparty (v. 2)

Hočąk Text — Turtle's Warparty (v. 3)

The Twins Cycle of Sam Blowsnake (Version 1)

§1. The Birth of the Twins

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Birth of the Twins

§2. The Twins Disobey Their Father

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Twins Disobey Their Father

§3. The Father of the Twins Attempts to Flee

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Father of the Twins Attempts to Flee

§4. The Twins Get into Hot Water 

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Twins Get into Hot Water

§5. The Twins Visit Their Father's Village

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Twins Visit Their Father's Village

§6. The Twins Join Redhorn's Warparty

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Twins Join Redhorn's Warparty

§7. Earthmaker Sends Rušewe to the Twins

Hočąk Syllabic Text — Earthmaker Sends Rušewe

The Twins Cycle of Jasper Blowsnake (Version 2)

§1. The Birth of the Twins

Hočąk Text — The Birth of the Twins

§2. The Twins Disobey Their Father

Hočąk Text — The Twins Disobey Their Father

§3. The Twins Get into Hot Water

Hočąk Text — The Twins Get into Hot Water

§4. The Father of the Twins Attempts to Flee

Hočąk Text — The Father of the Twins Attempts to Flee

§5. The Twins Visit Their Father's Village

Hočąk Text — The Twins Visit Their Father's Village

§6. The Lost Blanket

Hočąk Text — The Lost Blanket

§7. Earthmaker Sends Rušewe to the Twins

Hočąk Text — Earthmaker Sends Rušewe to the Twins

The Twins Cycle (Version 3 of Amelia Susman)

§1. The Birth of the Twins

Hočąk Text — The Birth of the Twins

§2. he Twins Disobey Their Father

Hočąk Text — The Twins Disobey Their Father

§3. The Father of the Twins Attempts to Flee

Hočąk Text — The Father of the Twins Attempts to Flee

§4. The Twins Get into Hot Water

Hočąk Text — The Twins Get into Hot Water

§5. The Twins Kill a Waterspirit (= Earthmaker Sends Rušewe to the Twins, V. 3)

Hočąk Text — The Twins Kill a Waterspirit

§6. The Twins Visit Their Father's Village

Hočąk Text — The Twins Visit Their Father's Village

The Twins Retrieve Red Star's Head

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Twins Retrieve Redstar's Head

The Two Boys

Hočąk Syllabic Text — The Two Boys 

The Two Brothers

Hočąk Text — The Two Brothers

The Two Children

Visit of the Woodspirit

Wanihéga Becomes a Sak’į

Hočąk Text — Wanihéga Becomes a Sak’į

The War among the Animals

The Warbundle Maker

The Warbundle of the Eight Generations

Waruǧápara

A Waterspirit Blesses Mąnį́xete’ų́ga

Waterspirit Clan Origin Myth

The Waterspirit of Lake Koshkonong

The Waterspirit of Rock River

Waterspirits Keep the Corn Fields Wet

Wazųka

Wears White Feather on His Head

A Weed's Blessing

The Were-Fish

Hočąk Text — The Were-fish

The Were-Grizzly

Hočąk Text — the Were-Grizzly

White Fisher

White Flower

White Thunder's Warpath

White Wolf

Why Dogs Sniff One Another

A Wife for Knowledge

Hočąk Text — A Wife for Knowledge

The Wild Rose

The Witch Men's Desert

Wojijé

Wolf Clan Origin Myth

Wolves and Humans

Hočąk Interlinear Text — Wolves and Humans

A Woman Turns into a Rock

The Woman Who Became an Ant

The Woman Who Became a Walnut Tree

Hočąk Text — The Woman who Became a Walnut Tree

The Woman Who Fought the Bear

The Woman Who Loved Her Half-Brother

The Woman Who Married a Snake

The Woman's Scalp Medicine Bundle

Wonáǧire Wą́kšik Origin Myth — see Hawk Clan Origin Myth

Worúxega

Hočąk Text — Worúxega

Young Man Gambles Often

Hočąk Text — Young Man Gambles Often


Place Name Stories

Big Spring and White Clay Spring

Blue Mounds

Blue Mounds Cave

Devil's Lake — How it Got its Name

Dogira Spring — see Trail Spring

The Hills of La Crosse

Lake Wąkšikhomįgra (Mendota): the Origin of Its Name

Lake Winnebago Origin Myth

Lost Lake

Manawa Village Origin Myth

Merrill Springs

Neenah

Origin of the Hočąk Name for Chicago

Origin of the Name "Milwaukee"

Rainbow and the Stone Arch

Rattlesnake Ledge

The Sacred Lake (Devil's Lake)

Sand Pillow

Silver Mound Cave

Trail Spring

The Twin Sisters

Vita Spring

The Winnebago Fort

Winneconnee Origin Myth


Personal Histories and Anecdotes

The Arapaho Girl

Black as Sin

The Boy and the Jack Rabbit

The Chief Who Shot His Own Daughter

The Death of Henry Harris’ Daughter

The Difficult Blessing

Fireman's Brother (with Hočąk Text)

Four Legs

How Jarrot Got His Name

The Ice Hole

Hočąk Text — The Ice Hole

James’ Horse

Little Priest, How He went out as a Soldier

Hočąk Text — The Story of How Little Priest went out as a Soldier

Little Priest's Game

Little Thunder

Hočąk Text — Little Thunder

The Man who was Blessed by the Sun

The Man who was a Reincarnated Thunderbird

The Man who Fought against Forty

The Mesquaki Magician

Mitchell Red Cloud, jr. Wins the Medal of Honor

A Peyote Story

A Peyote Vision

Potato Magic

Hočąk Text — Potato Magic

Run for Your Life

The Shrewd Winnebagoes of Dixon’s Crossing

The Tavern Visit

They Owe a Bullet (with three warrior songs)

Tobacco Man and Married Man

Wailing Song

White Shirt

Xųnųnį́ka


Foreign Stories Told by the Hočągara

The Incarnate Thunderbird

A Sioux Story

Hočąk Text — A Sioux Story

Why the Tonkawa are Called "Cannibals"


Mention of the Hočągara in the Mythology of Other Nations

Annihilation of the Hočągara II (Menominee Version)

Origin of the Name "Winnebago" (Menominee)


Big Knife Fiction of Hočąk Inspiration

The Hunt

Wakdjunkaga's River Race


Miscellaneous Material

Messiah Letter of Wovoka


Genealogies

| The Chief of the Heroka (+ Forked Men) | Chief of the White Cranes (+ Forked Man, Hįča Owl Spirit, the Čaručge) | "Old Man" (+ Sun, Moon, Big Eater) | The Red Man | Thunderbirds | Waterspirits (Wakčexi, Traveler +Turtle) | The Wolf Boy and His Wife |


Spuria

Little Brother Snares the Sun (actually Anishinaabe)


Pictures

Index to "Pictures": | Spirits & Gods | People | History | Pictographs, Pictograms, & Engravings | Artifacts | Insignias, Emblems, Signs, and Symbols | Animals of the Air | Animals of the Earth | Animals of the Waters or Underworld | Insects | Plants | Celestial Objects | Calendrics | Places |

Spirits and Gods

| Bear Spirit with a Pipe | Ku Bird | Nut (Egyptian Goddess) | Tepeyollotl (Aztec) | Thunderbird and Waterspirit (Pictograph) | Winged Unkčeghila (Lakota) | Water Lily Jaguar (Mayan) | Waterspirit (Adapted from Da Vinci) |

People

| American Horse (Lakota) | Amisquam | Angel Decora | Arkeketah | Beauharnois | Black Hawk (Sauk) | Black Hawk the Elder (Hočąk) | Black Hawk the Younger (Hočąk) | Black Wolf | Boy in the House of Trues | Buffalo Headed Man | Chief of the Bloods (Blackfoot) | Chinook Woman | Čiząhaka (portrait | his calendar stick) | Šoǧoknįka (cited as an informant | clan affiliation: 1, 2 | photo) | Čuguga | Duck Hunting | Eskimo Couple in Profile | Four Bears (Mandan) | Four Legs | Fox Warriors | Gallery | Girl Looking Back | Hansley (Front | Profile) | Hopi Ceremony | Hočąk Chiefs | Hočąk Group Photo | Hočąk Males | Hočąk Men | Hočąk Women | Hųwąnįka (Catlin | Painting) | Kakąčuka | Keramani | Lacrosse Players (Catlin) | Little Duck | Little Otter | Little Ox | Logan | Manąpega (Catlin) | Mayan Priest | Miwok Story Telling | Mohaves | Mrs. Street | Nąka (Painting, Large | Painting, Small | Catlin's Painting) | Nicollet's Landing at Red Banks (color)) | No Fool (Kansa) | Paiute Man | Redbird | Shawnee Prophet (Painting | Catlin) | Skull | Spaniard (Hočąk) | Sturgeon Head (Fox) | Sun Chief (Pawnee) | Tahcoloquoit (Fox) | The Crow | Thin Buckskin (Pima) | Tlingit Scene | Trickster (Trickster Receiving a Pipe | Trickster with a Pole | Trickster Seated) | Tsimshian Shamans | Wačihaska | Wakąga (Painting 1 | Painting 2) | Wak’ąhaga ("Snake Skin") (portrait | cited as informant) | Wakązika (Painting | Catlin Portrait) |Whirling Thunder | White Cloud, the Winnebago Prophet | Wife of Four Legs | Winnebago Prophet | Woman Standing in Rice | Woman Fleeing | Women Playing Lacrosse | Wonder | Yellow Thunder |

History

| The Battle of Sainte Foy |

Pictographs, Pictograms, & Engravings

| Armband | Berdache (Crow) | Chins (Gottschall) | Crow Captive and His Wife | Deer from Warclub | Double Helices | Female Figure | Flesh's Disc (Twin, Gottschall) | Four-Legged Snake (Pictograph) | Four-Legged Snakes (Pictograph) | Ghost's Disc (Twin, Gottschall) | Ghost's Head (Twin, Gottschall) | Gorget & Apron | Gottschall Figure with Breasts | Gottschall Panel 5 | Huichol Diagram of the Earth | Lattice (Piasa Composition) | Merman with Net | Micmac Double Helix | Moon Figure's Disc (Gottschall) | Piasa | Piasa's Collar | Piasas (Wingless) | Piasa Swastika (Hamilton) | Piasa Swastika (Phillips & Brown) | Pictogram, "I did it" | Pictograms, "Life" & "Death" | Pictogram, "Prisoner" | Powerlines | Redhorn (Picture Cave) | Sirius (Picture Cave) | Red Figure (Gottschall) | Spirit Emblem | Thunderbird Chick | Thunderbird (Gottschall) | Two Captives | Two Captives b | Various (Pictograph) | Waterspirit 1 from Warclub | Good and Bad Waterspirits | Waterspirit & Thunderbird |

Artifacts

| Adze | Arrow (Whittled) | Aten Bas Relief (Egyptian) | Calendar Stick (Small Painting) | Calendar Stick (Large Painting) | Chief's Medallion | Column (Swirling) | Hoe (Notched) | Lodges (Lodge Construction Schematic (Dorsey) | Lodge by a Tree (Dorsey Drawing) | Medicine Rite Lodge) | Gottschall Head | Hočąk Eagle | Mississippian Images (Flower Cross Entwining Motif [Phillips IV.128] | Head [Phillips III.53] | Head [Phillips III.101] | Head with Entwining Motif [Phillips IV.131] | Head with Entwining Motif [Phillips VIB-2] | Kettle Ritual [Phillips IV.126]) | Marin Signature | Minoan Double Ax | Navajo Sand Painting | Oval Lodge | Oval Lodge Frame) | Shoshone Wikiup | Spatulate (Drilled) | Teepees | Trophies of War (Timucua) | Warclubs (Baldheaded Warclub | Flat Warclub) |

Insignias, Emblems, Signs, and Symbols

| The Chief's Medallion | de Carrie Coat of Arms | Disease Giver's Emblem | Dogrib Flag | Earth's Emblem | Earthmaker's Cross | Earthmaker's Emblem | Earthmaker Flag | Fire's Emblem | Heroka's Emblem | Indian Sign Language, "Medicine" | Indian Sign Language, "Sun, Moon, Star" | Innu Flag | Moon's Emblems | Morning Star's Emblem | Nightspirit Emblems | Scratch (Piasa Composition) | Solar Emblem | South Wind's Emblem | Thunderbird Emblem | Turtle's Emblem |

Animals of the Air

| Auklets | Bald Eagle (Drawing) | Bank Swallow | Bird Feeding Its Young | Blue Jay | Crane (Sandhill) | Curlew (Audubon Painting | Drawing) | Ducks (Flying Wood Duck | Old Squaw Ducks | Old Squaw Duck (Head)) | Flock of Birds (Photo) | Goose | Hawks & Kites (Black Hawk (= American Swallow-tail Kite) | Pigeon Hawk | Rough-Legged Hawk | Hawk & Quail (Small Picture | Large Picture) | Hummingbirds (Audubon Painting 1 | Audubon Painting 2) | Kaǧi (Crows & Ravens) (Crow (Audubon) | Crow's Nest | Raven (Audubon)) | King Bird | Kingfisher | Loon | Meadow Lark | Owls (Great Horned Owl | Owl at Night (Drawing) | Snowy Owl | Two Owls (Photo)) | Pheasant (Drawing) | Pigeon | Prairie Chicken | Robin | Quail (Bobwhite) (See Hawk & Quail) | Snow Bunting (Snowbird) | Swan (Photo) | Snowy Egret (Audubon Painting | Photo) | Turkeys (Wild Turkey (Audubon) | Wild Turkey (Audubon) 2 | Turkey with Spread Tail (Painting)) Vultures and Buzzards (Tropical (Photo) | Turkey Vulture | Black Vulture) |

Animals of the Earth

| Bears (Black Bear | Brown Bears (Audubon Painting | Engraving) | Grizzly Bears (Audubon Painting | Photo) | Polar Bear (Drawing)) | Polar Bear | Buffalo (Profile (Photo) | Head (Engraving) | Herd (Photo)) | Chipmunk | Coyote (Coyote (Drawing) | Coyotes (Engraving | Photo) | Deer (Photo 1 | Photo 2 | Photo 3 | Drawing) | Dormouse | Elk | Fisher | Foxes (Fox (Drawing) | Gray Fox | Red Fox (painting by Bonheur)) | Horses | Marten | Minks (Audubon Painting | Wood Cut) Mountain Lions (Cougars, Pumas, Panthers) (Cougar (Drawing) | Puma (Photo)) | Muskrats (Audubon Painting | Engraving) | Opossums | Porcupines (Porcupine (Photo) | Porcupine in a Tree (Drawing)) | Rabbit (Photo) | Raccoons (Raccoon (Drawing) | Raccoon (Bitmap Drawing)) | Skunk | Squirrels (Gray Squirrel Eating an Acorn (Photo) | Squirrel (Photo) | Pine Squirrel (Photo)) | Wildcats (Bobcats, Lynx) (Bobcat (Photo) | Lynx | Wildcat) | Wolves (Black Wolf | Gray Wolves at a Kill (Photo) | Prairie Wolf | White Wolves (Photo)) | Wolf Track |

Animals of the Waters or Underworld

| Alligator | American Beaver | Crayfish (Photo) | Fish (Fish (Painting) | Fish Jumping (Drawing) | Sturgeon) | Frogs & Turtles (Golden Frog | Tortoise | Starred Tortoise | Sea Turtle) | Otter (wood cut) | White Otter | Snakes (Bull Snake | Diamond Backed Rattlesnake | Ribbon Snake) |

Insects

| Ants (Drawing) | Butterflies (Butterflies | Spotted Butterfly) | Cricket | Flea | Grasshopper | Horsefly 1 | Horsefly 2 | Lice (Body Louse | Crab Louse | Head Louse | Louse, Nit) |

Plants

| Acorn | Apios Americana Canuti | Apple Tree | Arbor Vitæ (White Cedar) (Arbor Vitæ (White Cedar) — Photo of Sprig | Arbor Vitæ (White Cedar) — Drawing of Leaves & Cones | Arbor Vitæ Cones (Buds)) | Artichokes | Barley | Basswood (Leaves | Tree) | Beans (Beans | Ground Beans) | Cattails | Chokeberry | Dog Tooth | Ferns (Maidenhair Ferns) | Groundnut Tubers | Jack Pine (Trees | Photo of Needles & Cones | Drawing of Needles & Cones) | Juniper (Red Cedar) (Sprig | Tree) | Maize (Field of Maize | Indian Corn | Yellow Maize) | Milkweed (Asclepias speciosa | Asclepias curassavica) | Mulberry | Pines | Pitcher Plant | Plums | Pond Lily | Poplars (Black Poplar | White Poplar | White Poplar Leaves) | Prairie Turnip (Plant | Tubers) | Red Oak | Rice (Menominee) | Roses (Rose (Painting) | The Wild Rose (Photo)) | Squash, Sacred Indian Rattle | Sumac | Tobacco (Nicotiana tobaccum) | Walnuts (Black Walnuts | Walnut Tree ID (Painting) | Walnut on Tree) | Wheat | Willow Leaves |

Celestial Objects

| 3-Deer & Venus | 3-Deer 933 AD | 3-Deer Setting | Aquilla | Aurora | Bear Knoll | Bear Lodge & Polaris | Bear Lodge & Sun, 7/11/1753 | Bow & Arrow Stars | Canis Major | Cirrus Clouds | Columba | Deneb & Its Vicinity | Deneb and Stretcher Asterism | Evening Star & the Moon, 1696 | Evening Star at Antares, 0715 | Evening Star at Antares, 0730 | Evening Star at Antares, Sunset | Evening Star's Course, 1741 | The Great Rift | Hand (Mississippian) | Jupiter, 1756.09.25 | Jupiter, 1757.12.09 | Lupus | Mamhuaztli | Milky Way as Tree, 0342 Hours | Milky Way as Tree, 0421 Hours | Milky Way as Tree, 0444 Hours | Milky Way as Tree, 0543 Hours | Milky Way at Scorpius | Morning Star's Trail | Orion & the Path of the Moon | Orion & the Path of the Moon, 2 | Orion as Fire Drill, Sunrise | Orion as Fire Drill, Sunset | Orion: Įčorúšika and His 2 Brothers | Orion as an Ax | Orion's Belt and Sword Stars | Orion Constellation | Orion as Hand | Orion as Packing Strap | Orion Star Colors |Orion Stellagraphy | Polaris & the Milky Way at the Summer Solstice | Polaris & the Pointer Stars of the Dipper | Polaris & the Sun at the Summer Solstice | Polaris in April | Polaris in August | Polaris in December | Polaris in February | Polaris in October | Polaris Earbob Stars | Redhorn's Ear Stars | Redhorn Pattern in Orion | Sagittarius | Scorpius | Scorpius, 1750 | Sirius, Heliacal Rising | Sirius & the Sun on the Same Side of the Milky Way, 7/27/933 | Sirius & the Sun on the Same Side of the Milky Way, 5/15/934 | Sunrise, August 22, 1729 | Taurus | Thunderbird Asterism | Wrinkles on the Face of the Sun |

Calendrics

Aztec Day Signs, in Temporal Order | Cipactli, Ehecatl, Calli, Cuetzpalin, Coatl, Miquiztli, Mazatl, Tochtli, Atl, Itzcuintli, Ozomahtli, Malinalli, Acatl, Ocelotl, Cuauhtli, Cozcacuauhtli, Ollin, Tecpatl, Quiahuitl, Xochitl | Aztec Yearbearer Cycle |

Places

| Balanced Rock | Barn Bluff | Devil's Doorway | Devil's Lake, Scene 1 | Devil's Lake, Scene 2 | Eagle Cave Room | Ft. de Chartres | Lake Mendota | Maiden Rock | Petenwell Rock | Pheasant Branch | Pulpit (Standing) Rock | Red Wing's Village | Trempealeau Mountain | Waterfall (Photo) | Wisconsin Dells | Yahara River |


Resources and External Links


| Top of the Page |

| Guides | Maps | Essays | Language Studies | Narrative Structure | Sayings | Ethnography | Archaeology | Archaeoastronomy | Subject Entries | Stories (Waiką & Worak) | Place Name Stories | Personal Histories | Foreign Stories Told by the Hočągara | Mention of the Hočągara in the Mythology of Other Nations | Big Knife Fiction of Hočąk Inspiration | Miscellaneous Material | Genealogies | Spuria | Pictures | Resources and External Links | Other Sites by Richard Dieterle |


| Other Sites by Richard Lewis Dieterle |

Vietnam War Stories