Hočąk Text — The Boy who would be Immortal - 1


English Translation


Revised Hočąk-English Interlinear Text


The manuscript, which is in the hand of Paul Radin, is sometimes difficult to read. It has the Roman numeral XIII near the top of the page. About 40% of the hand written interlinear text, which is largely written in pencil, has no English translation, but almost all of the untranslated words can be found elsewhere. Radin also used Greek letter abbreviations for common whole words or syllables some of which he interpreted in other manuscripts, although there are some whose values had been unknown. However, this text proves to be the original of a revised version in which all the missing syllables and words corresponding to the Greek abbreviations in this text are to be found in full. Thus it is a kind of Rosetta Stone for discovering the values of Radin's abbreviations. The Greek symbols used in the text appear on the table below:


 

α β γ δ ε ɜ λ ρ υ ϕ
égi éja giži žénųga ésge šaną žésge anąga regi hąké

 

ω ·נ X ʆ ɕ ƪ | ·| > -
žigé núnige uañg(šig) že/še xjį žą kje nąk gáją -ra

Words supplied by the editor (Richard Dieterle) are found in brackets '[ ]'.


 

p. 210 —
Wañk niñkdjoñk inek’í[ƪ]. Hi-antci[γ] wé[ʆ], "Hądaginandjere
Wañk niñkjoñk inek’ížą. Hi-ančigiži wéže, "Hątaginanjere
[Man] child a lone. His father [once] said, "Fast

 


 

inek’i [X]c’į́[-] winą́jįnįtcųcguni[-]; xopini warádjire
inek’i uañgšikš’į́ra winą́žįnįčųšgunira; xopini warájire
alone you are living you have none to hope from [the spirits] [the various]

 

hi[ƪ] nądjonidjóñ[γ] é[ɜ] woínaji nįtcų[·|]." [λ]
hižą nąjonijóñgiži éšaną woínaži nįčųną." Žesge
[they are] [they will bless you] only will you have hopes." [Thus]

 


 

higé[ʆ]. Hige[γ] [λ] hi[ʆ]. Hądáginątce.
higéže. Higegiži žesge hiže. Hątáginąče.
[he said]. [After] he said to him so he did. [He fasted.]

 


 

"Niñgiák, s’ic’uñ[>] hądaginándj[-] naį́ji wają́na
"Niñgiák, s’iš’uñgáją hątaginánjra naį́ži wažą́na
"Son, a long time you've done it [the fasting] by this time [something]

 


 

hi[ƪ] hiraperesk’uni, jedjąnaíñ[ɕ] curucdjoñ[γ] p’įną́[|]."
hižą hiraperesk’uni, žejąnaíñxjį šurušjoñgiži p’įną́ną."
[it is] you must have known, about now you should stop it would be best."

 


 

"Djadji, hisge waca[·נ] higų haipíwañk[ɜ]."
"Jaji, hisge wašanúnige higų haipíwañkšaną."
"Father, all you speak right but still I like it."

 


 

"[α] djagu hirahą́de[ʆ]?" "Djagu hagínantc
"Égi jagu hirahą́teže?" "Jagu hagínanč
"[And] [what] have you dreamt of?" ["What] you told me

 


 

p. 211 —
hinaci[-]´ [λ] yahądé[|]: wani-oítcgera hoit’ehira djasge
hinaširá žesge yahąténą: wani-oíčgera hoit’ehira jasge
to fast for [and so] I have dreamt of: [animals] to kill as I like

 


 

ha[·|] [λ] hiñgigų́zire[|]. [α] [ω] [X]o-į́na
hakje žesge hiñgigų́zireną. Égi žige uañkšigo-į́na
& [thus] I am taught. [And] [again] [with life]

 


 

djadjaíñ[ɕ] higédjaiñ[ɕ] hira-úni nądjiródjaįne[ʆ],
jajaíñxjį hižéjaiñxjį hira-úni nąjirójaįneže,
as long as it is that long [to make from one end to the other] they bless me with,

 


 

hiñgaíre. [α] [ω] wagaíre[|] hiñguadjíre[|].
hiñgaíre. Égi žigé wagaíreną hiñguajíreną.
I am told. [And] [again] [to tell something] they came after me.

 


 

Mañxí wage[υ]´ wañkdócewe hotcí[ƪ] [α] age[-]*
Mañxí wageregi wañktóšewe hočížą égi ageregi (?)*
To the clouds above doctor in his lodge that is

*In the later MS this has been corrected to "égi akregi," "and above."

 


 

[β] hini-añgíre[|]. [X][-] hiją d’e[·|]necge
éja hini-añgíreną. uañgšikra hižą t’ekjanešge
[there] they took me to. Person a is near death

 


 

ni-ąpha[·|]´, [λ] nądjiroidjaį́ne[|]. Jénuñga
ni-ąphakjé, žesge nąjiroijaį́neną. Žénuñga
I could make him alive, [thus] they blessed me with. To end

 


 

hądáginandjere hiñgaíre[|], [λ]a[·נ] higų
hątáginanjere hiñgaíreną, žesgeanúnige higų
to fast anymore I was told, [but] still

 


 

wa-uwáñk[ɜ]. [Omega] k’uhą́[υ] hiñguadjíre[|]. K’uhǫ́[υ]
wa-uwáñkšaną. Žigé k’uhą́regi hiñguajíreną. K’uhǫ́regi
I kept on. [Again] from below they came after me. [From below]

 


 

p. 212 —
Wogųzotcí[ƪ] [β] hiñguadjíre[|]. [λ] hiñgaíre[|].
Wogųzočížą éja hiñguajíreną. Žésge hiñgaíreną.
[a Creation Lodge] [there] [they came after me]. [Thus] [I am told].

 


 

Djaguranantc nądjironidjaį́ne[|]: wonañghire[-], wañkdócewe[-], wot’éhira,
Jagurananč nąjironijaį́neną: wonañǧirera, wañktóšewera, wot’éhira,
all things they blessed me with: wars, doctoring, hunting,

 


 

[X]o-į[-] hanántc nądjironidjaį́ne[|]. Dj[ρ]´ wa[ƪ]gųz[-]
uañgšigo-įra hanánč nąjironijaį́neną. Jánąga wažągųzra
with life all of [they blessed me]. [As many as there are] of life (created things)

 


 

hąbirak’ara Wagųz[-], haną́tcį nądjonidjaį́ne[|]. '[ε]
hąbirak’ara Wagųzra, haną́čį nąjonijaį́neną. 'Esge
that he put in charge the Creator, all of them blessed me. '[And so]

 


 

jénuñga hądaginandjere c’uñ[·|],' hiniñgaíre[|]. [λ]a[·נ]
žénuñga hątaginanjere š’uñkje,' hiniñgaíreną. Žesganúnige
[the end] [fasting] you should do,' they told me. [But]

 


 

[ϕ] tcaníñ[·|] [λ] ro-ága[|], [ε]
hañké čaníñkje žésge ro-águną, ésge
not I would not die [that kind of thing] I longed for, [and so]

 


 

wa-uwóñk[ɜ], djadjí [δ] niráñgwine. Deé
wa-uwóñkšaną, jají žénuñga ’uwáñgwine. Teé
I am doing this, father so let me continue on. With this

 


 

p. 213 —
nądjironidjaįnegí[ɜ], ducdjoñ[·|]ne[|]." [ϕ] rucdją́ni[ʆ]
nąjirojaįnegíšaną, tušjoñkjeneną."* Hañké rušją́niže
if I am blessed, then will I stop." [Not] he did not stop

*This should be for a more standard rušjoñkjeneną.

 


 

hądagínandj[-]. "[X]é jenuñga uné hądagínandjera.
hątagínanjra. "Uañgšigé ženuñga uné hątagínanjera.
[the fasting]. "Human [to end] that much [the fasting].

 


 

Wa[ƪ]gųz[-] djadjaíñ[ɕ] [X]c’iñ[·|] honiñk’ųna. hira-úni
Wažągųzra jajaíñxji uañgšikš’iñkje honiñk’ųna. hira-úni
[Life] [as long as] anyone should live that he gave you. To the extent of it

 


 

[X]o-į[-] djagu gip’į [X]c’įñ[·|], [λ]
uañgšigo-įra jagu gip’į uañgšikš’įñkje, žésge
[life] how you please you can live, [this kind]

 


 

honiñk’ú-ine[|] p’į." "[·נ] [ϕ] tcanijéji,
honiñk’ú-ineną p’į." "Núnige hañké čanižéži,
is given to you of good." "But not not to kill [or die],

 


 

[λ] ruágu[|]," é[|]. [ϕ] raxurugirani[ʆ]. [ϕ]aga
žésge ruáguną," éną. Hañké raxurugiraniže. Hañkaga
[this sort of thing] I desire," he said. [Not] they could not persuade him. Never

 


 

tcaniñgí [ɜ] haip’įną́[|]. Raxúrugera ruc’ágire[ʆ].
čaniñgí šaną haip’įną́ną. Raxúrugera ruš’ágireže.
if I would not die only I would be satisfied. [To persuade him] to be unable.

 


 

D’ekdjé[-] hisgédja gitcexi[ʆ]. [ε] waíre[ʆ],
T’ekjéra hisgéja gičexiže. Ésge waíreže,
To die very much he dreaded it. [So] they talked,

 


 

gųzire[ʆ]. [δ] t’ekdjé[|]," aíre[ʆ]. [ε]
gųzireže. "Žénuñga t’ekjéną," aíreže. Ésge
they counseled over. ["That's all] he must die," they said. [And so]

 


 

p. 214 —
hądaginą́djoñk’a. [β] horughúdjire[>] t’a[⨪][ʆ]. Hi-andj[-]
hątaginą́joñk’a. Éja horuǧújiregają t’anąkže. Hi-anjra
he was fasting. [There] [when] they looked he was dead. To his father

 


 

wagaíre[ʆ], "Djagú-iyagáwira jenísge[·|]ne[|]; [ϕ] wajįhiraníne
wagaíreže, "Jagú-iyagáwira ženísgekjeneną; hañké wažįhiraníne
they said, "What we said to him that will be for you; [not] you think nothing of it

 


 

p’įhiñk’arat’ųbere," higaíre[ʆ]. [ε] woxéjañk’e[ʆ]. [β]
p’įhiñk’arat’ųbere," higaíreže. Ésge woxéžañk’eže. Éja
and place him away," [they said.] And so he dug a grave. [There]

 


 

k’araxé[ʆ]. "Híniñg[-] djasgé[ɕ][>] hiníñk’ara wa-uñgúni,"
k’araxéže. "Híniñgra jasgéxjįgają* hiníñk’ara wa-uñgúni,"
he buried him. "My son [how he is] [my son] that he is [doing] there,"

*The revised text has djasgégadją.

 


 

hiré[ʆ]. [α] hogíragire[ʆ] raxurug[-] ruc’agire[ʆ].
hiréže. Égi hogíragireže raxurugra ruš’agireže.
he thought. [And] they told him that the persuading they were unable.

 


 

Waxopini warádjire esge méjesge gigíreną.
Waxopini warájire esge méžesge gigíreną.
[The spirits] [the various] [therefore] [for this reason] they did to him.

 


 

["ϕ] wa[ƪ] hiraníne hirapérezi[·|]ne[|]," higaíre[ʆ].
"Hañké wažą hiraníne hirapérezikjeneną," higaíreže.
"Not anything you think much about you will know," they told him.

 


 

Xánihe[-] hoip’é-i hi-[β]´, [β] hoip’éhi
Xánihera hoip’é-i hi-éja, éja hoip’éhi
Where he buried him at the head [thereat], [there] [at the head]

 


 

p. 215 —
hi[β], naį[ƪ] [β] haghép[ʆ]. Jee
hiéja, naįžą éja haǧépše. Žee
[thereat], a tree [there] came up. [This one]

 


 

ére[ʆ]. Ną́djega e[ɜ] s’i hokip’íñkdjeneje.
éreže. Ną́jega ešaną s’i hokip’íñkjeneže.
he was it. This tree only [that] long it would last.

 


 

[ε] [λ] gigíre[ʆ]. Hiperezre hi-antcirá.
Ésge žesge gigíreže. Hiperezre hi-ančirá.
[And so] [thus] they did to him. He knew it his father.

 


 

[λ]iperezre. Wanąį gip’į[ʆ]. Hi-ądj[-] racgúni[ɕ]
Žesgeiperezre. Wanąį gip’įže. Hi-ąjra rašgúnixjį
[Thus he knew]. [Peacefully] [he liked it].* [The father] very well

*Radin translates "wanąį gip’įže" together as "he was happy."


 

X’į[ʆ]. Dé[λ] horak[ʆ] hi-ątc hiradją́re.
X’įže. Téžesge horakže hi-ąč hirają́re.
he lived. [This way] reported the father [that they had taken him away never to return him].

 


 

Dé[λ] horak[ʆ]. [ε] hądaginandj[-] xap’e
Téžesge horakže. Ésge hątaginanjra xap’é
[In this way] [they informed him]. [This is why] [the fasting] soon*
*the English text has "(?)" after "soon". However, this meaning is attested elsewhere.

 


 

rucdjaį́nes’a[ʆ]. Dé[λ] aíre[|]. Jenuñgá[|].
rušjaį́nes’aže. Téžesge aíreną. Ženuñgáną.
they usually stop. [In this way] they said. That is all.

 


Source:

"The Boy who Wished to Become Immortal," in Paul Radin, Notebook 38 (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society) 210-215. On page 211 is inscribed, "March 11, 1951," but this is certainly a later addition.