Hočąk Text — Waterspirit Bluehorn (Brave Man)

The MS has a very large "11." written just to the left of the title. Written vertically, just a little lower in the left margin, is "Story no 2.". The MS is written throughout in a very clear hand.

This MS is one of Radin's oldest. Its orthography is unlike anything that he used thereafter. I have converted the orthography of the MS into that used by Radin in his published works. The original MS is not a true interlinear, but a sentence by sentence running translation. It seems to have been based upon an earlier text, apparently written in a very sloppy fashion. In many cases /i/ and /e/ are switched (žige > žege, giži > giže), indicating substantial confusion between these letters, a phenomenon more likely in print than in speech. This conclusion can be reinforced from the occasional confusion of /g/ and /ž/ which is common in handwriting from this time and place. However, the sounds represented by these letters are respectively the hard /g/ and /j/, which have little in common and are almost never confused in speech; yet we find a number of instances in which /g/ and /j/ have been switched. Therefore, the confusion must have arisen in a written source. This source is also characterized by the frequent use of the letter /r/ after /a/ to express /ą/. Sometimes an /r/ is placed before an /n/ to better represent the true sound of the /n/. Both of these orthographies are commonly found in the work of the German missionary Jacob Stuki (see source [b-G] in the bibliography of the Hočąk Lexicon). There is some good probability, therefore, that the original transcriber (who may have been the raconteur) was educated in that missionary school or its tradition. Another oddity is that /r/ is used as if it were a vowel, and is used to stand for /’a/, e.g., /srže/ for /s’aže/.

Stylistically, the raconteur has a uniquely eccentric use of double conjunction made by suffixing the last word of the first clause with -(h)anąga, followed by égi, both meaning "and." He also uses de-e to mean, "and," an unheard of use of that word, which normally means, "this; this one." The rare word uñke is used more than once to mean "not" (for hañké).

In the following text, brackets, [...], indicate an insertion made by the editor (Richard L. Dieterle).


English Translation

Header —

Worag te-e Wakčexi Hečoga e Horagš[a]na
Story this Waterspirit Greenhorn* he told this
*the word čo denotes that part of the spectrum embracing both blue and green ("bleen," "grue"). The deity to which the translator here refers to as "Greenhorn" is ever after called "Bluehorn" by Radin.

 


 

p. 1 —
Eja činąg hižą nągše, airena.*
There village a was [= lay], it is said.
*written as ariena.

 


 

Egi Hočąk činąg hižą hereže,
And Winnebago village a it was,

 


 

airena.* Egi Texete anąga hiroroku eja
it was said. And "Large Lake" called [some distance from it]
*written as ariena.

 


 

hañke harixjįni eja hereže. Žig[e?]
not far the place it was. [Again?]

 


 

wañgšik hoinagi* eja hañke hiroharexjįniže
people they originated where not [very] far
*spelled as hoinnagi.

 


 

wa’ųnągahe činąg kanągnañka. Egi higų
it was village [it was erected]. And [yet]

 


 

mani hokahi mani serečį wagigora
winter every winter all through feasts

 


 

unągše. Eja hot’ųnųb hišak giže
they made. There two fireplaces [?] [?]

 


 

eja wañgšigra hakewe čiwiže. Wañgnunįkra
where people six lived. An old man

 


 

hičarwina hakarikešunąga egi hinųkhirera hikunara
his wife [lived together] and and their daughter her husband

 


 

harenąga egi hižą hinįknįk higeš?
[?] and and one little son [?]

 


 

egi hinųknañka hižą kinubgiše jejenaga
and the daughter's one brother this many (?)

 


 

čiwiže. Egi žegų ųnągše egi
lived. [And] thus they remained and

 


 

hočįčįnįk jega čowe wañgra wikisk[e]xjį
boy the nearly man [just like]*
*the translation has "as big as."

 


 

nųnįge hoišip hočįčįnįk xununįkra šgač* hirega
but whenever the boys [small] would play
*written as shgah.

 


 

p. 2 —
hižą wakižu* ųjes’aže.† Hanačixjį
one with them [they were doing it]. [All] the rest
*written as "wakisu."
†written unžesrshe.

 


 

wewičše nųnįge wa’ųžeže žegų. Wošgara waxjaniskše,
he was taller than but he did thus. His actions were rather funny,

 


 

žegų hañke wañgšig wa’ųnągre. Žesk[a]niže.
[so] not humans he was like. [He was done.]

 


 

Hahi, wañgra harnaj wewičšenųnįge wa’ųježe:
Finally, the men [all] he was taller than, but he did thus:

 


 

mąhipekunųg hižą hanegi že-e hakarenenaga
broken pointed knife a he always carried (?) [that one] he would use (?)

 


 

wakišga jega wagiųjes’aže. Egi
[to be with] [the standing one] arrows he would make. And

 


 

hagorežą wañgnunįknañka wešguni, "Egi hinikhaxjį,
one day the old man said, "Now my son,

 


 

egi hiwagigošuna* haregejni. Eske, nišna
[now] we always give a feast it is time. Therefore, [?]
*written as hiwagigoshunna.

 


 

hočįnčįnči hičakoro* waraga kereponatanixjį†
boy friends relatives thirty
*written hišharšoro.
†written a kerepnna tanixži.

 


 

ragikarąhenaga egi honanųbhaxjį hahiračiwigi. E
you can invite and and two days travel you can go out. They

 


 

hočįnčįna nakekaranąga e wanihižą pinikrahisga
the boys can hunt [and] they an animal of good flesh

 


 

t’ehirenanaguni, hirewahanagšuna," eže.* Wañgnunįknañka žeske
they might kill, I think is why I say this," [he said]. the old man thus
*spelled eže.

 


 

p. 3 —
egiži hinikhiranąga, "Howe!" Hičakoro* nahira
when he said the son said, "Ho!" Friends his
*written as hišharšora.

 


 

wagikarahanąga egi hičorohorenąga hanexjį hažikarareže.
he invited and and they got ready and early in the morning they started out.

 


 

Wañgnunįka hinikra e wačošuže. Namąče
The old man's son he led them out. Warclub

 


 

raharanenąga egi hijnara* higuraxniǧiranąga
he carried and and the others kettles and
*spelled hižnnara.

 


 

wažąžežeskehareregi wakarakhinreže. Hagoraže, hahixawanenaže.
things of that kind carried. Finally, they disappeared in the distance.

 


 

Egi wañgwašošuga* hinųg čarapra hinig higiže
Then the leader's sister [?] boy [she had ?]
*written as wangwažoshuga.

 


 

wakarageže. "Hiniǧaxjį, hitekragašge wanakesera hižą
[she carried ?].* "My son, with your uncle† the hunt one
*hinig higiže wakarageže, is translated as, "said to her boy ..."
†mother's brother.

 


 

nąnikše hižą girukawa nihe peranigagu,"
[little] wood a gather [to continue] [you should go along ?],"

 


 

higeže hiunina. Hočįnčįn waxjanañga wagareže.
she said to him the mother. Boy funny she said to him.

 


 

"Egi waguni." "Egi hiunga, tejeguni,"
["Well,] go on." "Well mother, I will go,"

 


 

anąga. Mąhipekunukra šana* hakaninąga žegų
he said. His broken pointed knife only he took and [so]
*written defectively as shna.

 


 

waruxaže te-e. Hagoraža, wañgnañka hižą
he chased after them [this one]. Finally, of the men one

 


 

haj[a]nogają* te-e wañg hižą hižanakhuheže.
looked back [this one] man a coming on the run.
*written in the MS as hažnogažu.

 


 

p. 4 —
Te-e ask[e]jigagu wagoršuka hišųskera wa’ųgše.
[This one] when he got near the leader's nephew it was.

 


 

Egi wirajagi hitekra wešguni, "Egi
[And] when he reached them his uncle he said, "[Well]

 


 

epina rajira." Žegų egruhanehara’ų. Hagoreže,
it is good you came." [So] they went on. Finally,

 


 

eja hahinąže hionige pačot’ų hiranąga
there they used wood dry to build a fire [they did] and

 


 

hočįnčįn jega žegų nąraroh[a]n[a]xjį ku-takhanąga*
boy the [thus] much wood he gathered and
*spelled ko-drkhanaga.

 


 

egi haįseraj* pajra woikawa’ųže. Eske,
and all night the fire he replenished.† Therefore,
*written as huseraž.
†the translation adds, "with wood."

 


 

hañke tasakheraniže.* Egi hanihenųbhagiže
not they did not get cold. Then the second morning
*written as drsakheranishe.

 


 

žege hagirkarareže egi hambsaraj
again they started on and all day

 


 

žege ųhanihara’ų. Hoxjanagiže žegų eja
[again] they traveled. It was evening [and so] there

 


 

žegųeja žejuñga* hiwuš[a]reže. Egi žegų
[at the end] [finished] they stopped. And [so]
*written as shežnga.

 


 

hičųskehirejega xawipačanąga čihižą* ųže. Egi
the nephew cut some grass and a lodge built. Then
*written as žhihishe.

 


 

nąrarohąna* kutakhanąga† žegų wažąna‡ harnaj
a lot of wood he gathered and [so] things all
*written as nararohn.
†written as kudrkhanaga.
‡written as washena.

 


 

hirušjąnahinąga* egi žegų wapanagu
ready and and [so] [he] waited
*written as hiružn hinaga.

 


 

tee. Hagoreže higu hokawas hirušjąnaxjįgajan*
[this one]. Finally [still] darkness [when they were ready]
*written as hiružnxžigažn.

 


 

hakariruhe. Čarxatexjį hižą hanihakeriregi hikešreranąga
they returned. Big deer a they brought back [...] and

 


 

egi wohunaže uj[a]un haga hohųna
and they dressed it finally in time they boiled it

 


 

tučiregiže waručireže. Egi rujuregiže, mįǧ[i]reže
they got it cooked and ate it. And after they had eaten they lay down

 


 

egi hočįñgčįnjega hitekra e hakarikisu* mįgša.
and the boy uncle his [he was with him] he slept.
*for hakarakižu.

 


 

Hanaj nahiranųnįge hočįnčiñga hañke
All to sleep but the boy not

 


 

naniñgše. Žegų hikimįg hanąga čirop
he was not asleep. [So] he lay awake and the door

 


 

wesiwiñgu te-e. Hagoraže, wañgšig hižą
he watched [this one]. Finally, man a

 


 

čiropra hajiruxunąga waworuxše. Egi hočįnčįnañgre*
the door raised and peeped in at them. Then the boy
*written as hožinžinngre.

 


 

wanakawagše eske hitekra ruxįkhanąga wañǧižą
was frightened so his uncle he woke up but [a man]

 


 

hajaga hogiraknųnįge žegų wogitekhanąga žege
[he saw] [he told him] but [so] he got angry and again

 


 

žegų najireže. Higųžege hinųbhana haji
[therefore] went to sleep. Again the second time [he came]

 


 

wañgšig jega žege woruxše. Higų
person the again looked in at them. Immediately

 


 

žege hitekra ruxįk hanąga hogirakše.
again his uncle he woke up and told him.

 


 

p. 6 —
Žeskųnįge žege wogitekše. "Guwa, kora!
But even then [again] he got angry. "Ah!

 


 

hananaina te-e jaguhiš wa’ųgše?," e-že. Žegų
I try to sleep [this one] why does he do thus to me?," he said. [So]

 


 

žege nagireže. Žege hitanihare wañgšig
again he went off to sleep. Again the third time person

 


 

jaga jigiže žege hočįnčiñga hitekra
the [when] he came again [the boy] his uncle

 


 

kuruxįk hanąga wageže, "Hitekhaxjį, težesgųnegi
he woke up and he said to him, "Uncle, this time

 


 

hiñgisgišna herejenena," higeže. Žeskanųnįge žege
nothing will do [to do it]," he said to him. [Thus he did] but again

 


 

nagireže* hitekhiraka. Žegų žege čiropra
started to sleep his uncle. So again the door
*this is written as nažireshe.

 


 

wesiwiñgu žege te-e. Wañgšigra nųbpiwi
he watched again [this one]. Persons two

 


 

haji hois’įnwiže.* Žegų higų hamb
came peeked in. [So] just before daylight
*written as hoisnwishe.

 


 

hikohoniskše. Eske žegų hočįnčįna ineki
[?]. [Therefore] so the boy alone

 


 

gižikorohože. Mąhi pekunukra e-šaną hakarenihanąga
was going to flee. Knife blunt nothing but he took and

 


 

egi wiskanikše iñgiže. Žežegų hira
and a white blanket that he wore. [Again] these only

 


 

hakanihanąga žegų gisše ukirigajan te-e
he took and as he went along [he came back] [this one]
*written as ukirigajn.

 


 

nąxa pox hižą ejag giže
log hollow a there was [so]

 


 

eja žegų hokixajañke* hokeweže. Žegų
there [thus] feet first he went in. [So]
*written as hokixažnke.

 


 

p. 7 —
eja uñg’ų. Te-e hirarexjįgag’ų hambhakirigag’ų.
there he lay. And after a short time it became light.

 


 

Te-e hohobrire wañxguže. Te-e hambra
And whoops he heard. And the day

 


 

horoxgag’ų te-e wanwuhiježe egi wanakewegi
he looked out at and it was snowing and he was afraid

 


 

žege žegų horujipše. Hagoraže te-e
again so he got within. Finally here

 


 

žegų nųbpiwi kiruxa hahureže. Homįǧañka
[thus] two of them chasing one another they came. He lay

 


 

ejaxjį haji hižą gisakhiraže. Žesknųnįge
where [he came] one was killed. But

 


 

žegų gisawexjį mįǧa’ųže. Žegų xenag’ų.
[thus] very still he lay. [So] they made much noise.

 


 

Hagoreže, xapgunireše. Žesknųnįge žegų eja
Finally, they quieted down. But [thus] there

 


 

uñgše. Žejąga hakarareguni hiregi kika
he remained. Finally, they came away he thought [so ?]

 


 

wa’ųnąga hižą t’ehirega eja higają
[he did it ?] the one was killed where he went

 


 

te-e nasura čušgunigše te-e waira
and head he was without and blood

 


 

honįjąǧi hahihoroxjį. Žege žegų hog-hirenihega.
[he lay in it] much flowed from him. Again [thus] he looked at it.

 


 

Eja higają žegų wañgšig wakisu
There he went back to [so] the people he had been with

 


 

jinihera hanaj hoera nągše. Nasura
the camp all scattered about they were. Heads

 


 

čušguni wa’ųnągše. Howe hanaj woruxgają.
they were without [they were]. He went [all] he looked them over.

 


 

p. 8 —
Hitekra uñke nigehakjaniže. Žegų eja
His uncle [not] [he could not] find where. [So] there

 


 

nažihanąga wawewija’ų weže, "Kora! egi
he stood and [while] he was thinking he said, "Well! well

 


 

hitekhara xawąnigają hanihakarešguni, žegų
my uncle since he is not here they must have taken him along, so

 


 

watuxeje," eže. Hočirega eja hagiwajegiže,
I will chase after them," he said. The camp at [after traveling there],

 


 

wokihanąga warugše* egi rusjagiže žegų
he boiled for himself food and when he was through eating, [so]
*this should be warujše.

 


 

naguxete himb hiregiže eja hioježe
big trail [it lay] they had made there [he did]

 


 

waruxera. Žegų hamb sarag* uniheže. Hagoreže,
he followed. [So] all day he chased them.† Finally,
*this should be saraj (for sereč).
†this probably means "he continued."

 


 

te-e wajare hižą te-e hotučuxetexjį
[this one] he saw one* and [very] big warparty
*wajare hižą is translated as "he saw them in the distance."

 


 

hižą wa’uñgše. Žegų wironag uniheže.
a it was. [So] he followed them he continued.

 


 

Hagahoxjanągi eja pejhot’ųhanąga* eja nahikuhoreže.
When it was evening there they built a fire and there went to sleep.
*written as pežhotuhranaga.

 


 

Te-e hočįnčiñga hitekra heja rusgiči
And the boy's uncle there bound

 


 

hanį unągše. Askenįk hahiwo’ųixnągše. Tasaknagnanunige,
they had [they did]. Near he sat watching them. Although he was cold,

 


 

uñki pejwaže hot’ųninągše. Egi hiperashirejinegeji
he did a fire he did not build. And as they would discover his presence

 


 

p. 9 —
gejine eske rokani’ųnągše. Te-e hirarexjegają
[that is why] therefore he was without it. Then after awhile

 


 

ara wagiruska hiranąga egi pexesoxsox
his hands the bindings they loosed and and gourd

 


 

hižą hanigigira nąga. Egi wa’ųǧini
a they gave him [they]. And [I was ašting]

 


 

kišireže egi wašinąga nawanra hiwa
they made him [then] Prisoner's Dance and* the song he started
*this is the Prisoner's Dance, but wašinąga means only "the dance."

 


 

añgają hičuxge hirenąñka hikšra rokarnaweže
he arose nephew [he did] laugh very much

 


 

jekgeją žeskenųnįge hahi hitekra načokaragijage
on the start but finally the uncle he pitied him very much

 


 

hahi xikgiže. Jexgeją hičųxgehiranąñka tekgaga
after awhile he wept very much. On the start the nephew thought the uncle

 


 

wagigowajeske, wagigohaehinągra hiregają. Hahi wašihiguhi
he was giving a feast, they talked about a feast as they did. Finally, as he danced

 


 

wagjege hipereže. Eske najhogijaže. "Hijawawateje,"
[?] he knew. So he pitied him. "I will go over there,"

 


 

hiregaskežege uñke unis’aže.* Hahi, wawageže,
he would think [not] [he did do it].† Finally, he said to them,
*written as unisrže.
†uñke unis’aže has been translated as "but he would change his mind again."

 


 

"Nawinane." Wawigegają hiske nahireže. Žege
"Go to sleep." [After he said this to them] [some] they did go to sleep. [Again]

 


 

wigegają, žege hiske nahireže. Žege hitanihana
[having] said it to them, again some went to sleep. Again the third time

 


 

wigegają, žege čowe* hanaj† nahiranaže.
[having] said it to them, again nearly all of them went to sleep.
*written as žorwe.
†written as harnž.

 


 

p. 10 —
Žege hijobarhana wawigegają žejaga harnačixjį*
[Again] the fourth time [after] he said it to them this time all of them
*written as harnžžhixži.

 


 

nahireže. Egi žege higiže hija
went to sleep. Then [again] [when] he went over [there]

 


 

howareže hija higiže hitekra wageže,
he went there when he got there his uncle he said to him,

 


 

"Hajiną tekga," higiže. "Jagu egi
"I have come uncle," he said to him. "What [then]

 


 

šuraježe? Hojišna waragigo wažu rajes’are,"*
were you doing? [Hardly] feast [to put, place] [to eat],"†
*written as ražesrre.
†this last sentence was translated as, "were you giving a feast?".

 


 

higeže hitekra. "Uñkarža* wa’ųǧini wa’ųhijeną.
he said to him his uncle. "No! I was acting [the role ?].
*written as unkarsha, and standing for hañkaga, here exhibiting what appears to have been a confusiion between a /ž/ and a /g/ in an earlier version of the MS. See above.

 


 

Wonąǧireja warukoshirega žegų hiwagigirašununą,"
In war when one is taken prisoner [thus] they always make them do,"

 


 

higeže hičuskra. "Egi hičuxge higirusk[j]anane."
he said to him his nephew. "Now then nephew untie my bonds."

 


 

"Anųnįge kene* wažą wagurnąga, egi
"But wait until something I do to them, then
*probably for k’enį, "not yet."

 


 

nigeduskjena," higiže. Egi wañgnañka wapahi
I will untie you," he said. Then men's weapons

 


 

waniregiže harnačixjį* howewagiruže. "Higirusk[j]anane," hitekra.
he took all he went around. "Untie me," uncle.
*written as harnžžhixži.

 


 

Anagnųnįge žegų žege waįnasge wagujerasge
But instead [thus] [again] blankets, also moccasins, also

 


 

harnaj* sto wahihanąga hanaj* hirarujeja
all placed them together [he caused them to be] and all [to one side]
*written as harnž.

 


 

p. 11 —
wąsuže.* Egi žegųga, hitekra giruskeže.
[he piled them up]. And when he had done thus, his uncle he untied.
*hirarujeja wąsuže is translated as "carried them away."

 


 

Egi wagigože wañgnañka hiske hakiriregi
Then [the host] the man also [when] they went about

 


 

hisjasura wamąjojoxše. Žege hiske hakiriregi
their eyes he burst. [Again] also when they got back

 


 

<
žege žeke wagigiže. Egi tasakhiregižegų
[again] [?] he did it to them. And as they were cold [so]

 


 

hakirigi naženągi žegų harnaj* žege
[when they got back] as they stood around [so] all [again]
*written as harnž.

 


 

wagigiže. Egi nųbkira hotahiže. Nųbhajega
he did it to them. And two of them he spared. These two

 


 

nąčawara* ixhura wamągijaže. Žegų wagigihanąga
their ears lips he cut off. Thus he did and
*written as nažjawara.

 


 

egi kerewagigiže. "Ragiwigi wažą jawiną,
and sent them home. "When you get home [something] you must do,*
*wažą jawiną is translated as "you must say".

 


 

'Wañgwašošega e hižą jawiną'," wigeže.
'Brave Man he the one he did it to us'," he said to them.

 


 

"Žegų hihanąga." Wagujera egi wapahira
"Thus you must say." Moccasins and weapons

 


 

wawokarakaže. Egi žejiga* kerewagigiže. Uñke
he gave them back to them. And [then] he let them go home. [Not ?]*
*apparently for žejuñga.
†interpreting this as "not" (for hañké) makes the sentence self-contradictory. It is not translated at all in the text.

 


 

nasura wamaxga hiranąga egi nąxununikra
heads they cut off [they did] and and small sticks

 


 

nųbpiwi eja wawirosǧa hiranąga egi
two there they tied them [they did] and and

 


 

p. 12 —
žejiga hająha karareže. Egi ųhanihara’ų
then they went home away. And they traveled on

 


 

hagoreže činąg hokanaǧirega. Eja hagireže.
until finally village they reached. There they got back home.

 


 

Egi Wañgwašošiga jagungiže činągnañka harnaj*
And Brave Man what he had done the villagers all
*written as harnž.

 


 

nuxguhireže. Egi žeskanųnįge žegų ųhanihareže.
they heard of it. And but [so] they remained there.

 


 

Žegų hąmbhokahi ųnągs’aže.* Hagoreže,
[So] every day arrows he would be making. Finally,
*written as unagsrshe.

 


 

egi, worakra jiže, "Hotučihiže činąg
[then,] the report came, "A warparty village

 


 

hasenina wirajirena," aireže.* Žeskanųnįge te-e
[?] has come," they said. But [this one]
*written as arieashe.

 


 

čimą’ųna uxnągše. Žegų jajinaja rohąxjį
to make arrows [he did].* [So] even now many
*this is probably for ųnąkše. The translation has "he continued."

 


 

t’ehiragi niže, žeskanųnįge, higų mą’ųnagše.
were killed he continued, [however], still making arrows.

 


 

Wañgnąñka žege jajinaja worakra žegeže
A man again [now] a messenger [again]

 


 

žegųga hihinabhanąga hahi nąčikereheregi* eja
[when he had done this] he went out and [he went] against a lodge pole there
*written as nashikereheregi.

 


 

hakikawaxik nažihanąga kisara woruxjeske. Ųja’ų,*
he leaned [he stood] and the battle he looked on at. Finally,
*while it is hard to read, it is apparently written as užiu.

 


 

p. 13 —
te-e wañg hižą naǧunaga Wañgwašošega
[this one] man a came running up Brave Man

 


 

hikšgunu.* Hikixwajkra† hirojįže. Nąnažikerejaga
he stood smiling. Metal pointed warclub he struck him [with an object]. Against the lodge pole
*hikša, to laugh, smile. This is written hikshgu u.
†This seems to be defective, as /xw/ and /jk/ almost never occur together.

 


 

eja hapagi hikixwajkra gekunik*
there he hit the club broke
*apparently for gikųnųk´, "to break something having length in two by striking, leaving a clean break."

 


 

rahiže.* Jobaha žege gigihireže. Egi žejiga†
[as it went by]. Four times thus they did it to him. [And] then
*apparently for rahéže, "as it went (by)."
†apparently for žéjuñga .

 


 

wogitekgi. Hohob hanąga wat’ųpše. Hižą rokanaga
he got angry. He gave a whoop and rushed for them. One the great

 


 

ruxanąga hahihoxeregi, hišjara wamąjojoxs’aže. Žegų
he would chase and when he caught them their eyes he would burst. Thus

 


 

wagi’ųjiregi. Wañgšig e waninigra t’ewahinągše
he began to do to them. People him [belonging to] they were being killed

 


 

ųja’ų. Hahi, harnaj* t’ewahireže. Te-e
they were. Finally, all were killed. Thus
*written as harnj.

 


 

keračohižą* wañgšig[e]ja wañgšig uñgiže. Tejege†
a blue sky to live among the humans he did. [In this way]
*written as kerajorhisha.
†this is written as dežege, and doubtless stands for téžesge, "in this way."

 


 

hije,* aireną.† Wañgšigsaknigra airašununą worak
[he did], they say. The old people say stories
*written as hiže, and likely stands for hižé, "he did."
†written as ariena.

 


 

te-e horakhirega.
[this] when they tell.

 


Source:

Paul Radin, "Wak’čexi Hečoga (Waterspirit Bluehorn)," Winnebago Notebooks (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society) #66, Story 2: 1-13.