Mitchell Red Cloud, jr. Wins the Medal of Honor

This is the U. S. Army citation for Corporal Mitchell Red Cloud, jr., who won the Medal of Honor for an action on Nov. 5, 1950.

"Rank and organization: Corporal, U S. Army, Company E, 19th Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Chonghyon, Korea, 5 November 1950. Entered service at: Merrilan Wis. Born: 2 July 1924, Hatfield, Wis. G.O. No.: 26, 25 April 1951. Citation: Cpl. Red Cloud, Company E, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. From his position on the point of a ridge immediately in front of the company command post he was the first to detect the approach of the Chinese Communist forces and give the alarm as the enemy charged from a brush-covered area less than 100 feet from him. Springing up he delivered devastating pointblank automatic rifle fire into the advancing enemy. His accurate and intense fire checked this assault and gained time for the company to consolidate its defense. With utter fearlessness he maintained his firing position until severely wounded by enemy fire. Refusing assistance he pulled himself to his feet and wrapping his arm around a tree continued his deadly fire again, until he was fatally wounded. This heroic act stopped the enemy from overrunning his company's position and gained time for reorganization and evacuation of the wounded. Cpl. Red Cloud's dauntless courage and gallant self-sacrifice reflects the highest credit upon himself and upholds the esteemed traditions of the U.S. Army." [1]

Commentary. The following is taken from the Ho-Chunk Warrior page of the Ho-Chunk Nation Website. "Mitchell Red Cloud, Jr. enlisted in the Marines in 1942 when he was seventeen years old. Following his World War II service, Red Cloud enlisted in the Army. By 1950, the Korean conflict had begun and Mitchell Red Cloud, Jr., then a Corporal, was sent to Korea. On November 5, 1950 Corporal Red Cloud met his death. Prior to that time, Red Cloud had received three Purple Hearts.

Corporal Red Cloud posthumously received the Medal of Honor on April 4, 1951 with his mother Nellie Winneshiek Red Cloud accepting the award from General Omar Bradley.

Red Cloud is remembered for his valor with a Wisconsin Historical Marker, located on Highway 54, a few miles east of Black River Falls, with a large monument at the Decorah Cemetery located at the Indian Mission nearby, and through the christening of a naval transport ship in 1999, the Red Cloud."

Stories: about famous Hočąk warriors and warleaders: How Little Priest went out as a Soldier, Little Priest's Game, The Masaxe War (Hogimasąga), Wazųka, Great Walker's Warpath (Great Walker), Great Walker's Medicine (Great Walker, Smoke Walker, Dog Head, Small Snake), Šųgepaga (Dog Head), The Warbundle Maker (Dog Head), The Shawnee Prophet — What He Told the Hočągara (Smoke Walker, Dog Head, Small Snake), Big Thunder Teaches Čap’ósgaga the Warpath (Big Thunder, Čap’ósgaga), The Osage Massacre (Big Thunder, Čap’ósgaga), The Fox-Hočąk War (Čap’ósgaga), The Origin of Big Canoe's Name, White Thunder's Warpath, Four Legs, The Man who Fought against Forty (Mąčosepka), Yellow Thunder and the Lore of Lost Canyon, The Hills of La Crosse (Yellow Thunder), The Blessings of the Buffalo Spirits, Fighting Retreat, How Jarrot Got His Name, They Owe a Bullet (Pawnee Shooter);.


[1] "Korean War Medal Of Honor Recipient, RED CLOUD, MITCHELL, JR," Ho-Chunk History Page, in the Ho-Chunk Nation Website.