WANDERINGS OF AN ARTIST
INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA
TO VANCOURVER'S ISLAND AND OREGON
THROUGH THE HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY'S TERRITORY
BY PAUL KANE.
|Paul Kane, ca. 1850|
(40) I found some Indians of the Winebago tribe at the camp on a visit. The word Winebago signifies "dirty water;" and they are so called from living on the margin of a lake of that name. They are easily distinguished from other tribes, as they have the custom of pulling out their eyebrows.
I took the likeness of their chief, Mauza-pa-Kan, or the "Brave Soldier." I remained here for three weeks, and received much kindness and attention from the Manomanees.
Commentary. "Paul Kane (1810-1871)" — born in Ireland of English parents, his family emigrated to the small town of York, afterwards known as "Toronto," when he was between 8 to 12 years old. He eventually arose to be the greatest painter of his generation in Upper Canada. He is most noted for his Native American paintings done a expeditions he took to western lands in both Canada and the northern United States.1
"pulling out their eyebrows" — this claim has not been encountered anywhere else.
"Mauza-pa-Kan" — the word for "brave, warrior" is wągwášošé, and for "soldier," mą́ną́pe. It is conceivably a corruption of the name Mąną́pega, although it appears that it is more likely, Mązapaka, from mąs, "iron"; hapak, "to strike"; and -ka, a definite article affixed to a terminal consonant to indicate a personal name. Mązapaka would therefore mean, "He Strikes with Iron," or "Iron Striker."
Notes to the Commentary
1 Dennis Reid. A Concise History of Canadian Painting (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014) 50-58.
Paul Kane, Wanderings of an Artist Among the Indians of North America: From Canada to Vancouver's Island and Oregon, Through the Hudson's Bay Company's Territory and Back Again (Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, and Roberts, 1859) 40.