G a l l e r y

o f   t h e

H o č ą k  N a t i o n


Paintings

People — | Hųwąnįka (Little Elk) | Čižąhaka | Čugiga (Spoon Decorah) | A Hočąk Orator | Four Legs (Hujopka) | The Wife of Four Legs | Keramąnįga, "The Turtle who Walks" | Nąga (Wood), also Known as Keramąnįga | Mązapaka | Redbird and Wiga | Hojinažiga (Spotted Arm) | Wakąjaga | Wakązika | The Spaniard (Spanioraga) | Wonder | Wačihaska | Kąkąnįcų́ga | Mąnąpega | Black Wolf | Little Duck | Little Otter | Wakąga, "Snake" | Wakągaziga (Wakąhaga), "Yellow Snake" | Wakąhaga (Snake Skin) | White Cloud, the Winnebago Prophet | Old Decorah and His Family | Noxčuxiga (He Who Breaks the Bushes) | He Who Moistens the Wood | Wačxetega (Big Canoe) | Isaac Winneshiek | Šoǧogᵋnįka (Little Hill) | Wakąjahirega (Thunderbirds Passing By) in a Bark Lodge | Wakąjahirega (Thunderbirds Passing By) Outside | A Hočąk Warror with a Club | A Hočąk Warrior with a Spear |

Scenes — | Duck Hunting | Primitive Sailing by the Winnebago | The Winnebago Medicine Dance | “Winnebagoes” | “Winnebagoes Playing Checkers” | “A Winnebago Encampment” | “A Winnebago Father Teaching His Boy To Shoot” |

Drawings

| Šoǧogᵋnįka (Little Hill) | Nąga, "Wood," also Known as Keramąnįga | Kakąjuka | Wačihaskaga | Redbird and Wiga | Yellow Thunder | Two Winnebago Lithographs | Winneshiek the Elder | Winneshiek the Younger | Wakązika | Henry Roe Cloud | Little Winneshiek | George LaMère (Hotonga) |

Photographs

General — | Hočąk Chiefs | Hųgᵋxų́nųga (Little Priest) | Little Priest and Henry Decorah | Whirling Thunder | White Breast | Little Squirrel | Šoǧogᵋnįka (Little Hill, 1860) | Šoǧogᵋnįka | Peją́ga (Crane) | A Group with Winneshiek the Elder | A Hočąk Encampment, ca. 1865 | The Hočągara being Paid for Land Cession | Alice C. Fletcher, Meepe, and Martha | Mary Ann | An Unidentified Young Man | An Unidentified Teenager | Yellow Thunder | Wakąjaziga (Yellow Thunder) | A Woman Tanning a Hide | A Hočąk Medicine Rite Encampment | The Interior of a Hočąk Medicine Rite Tent | Michel St. Cyr | Unidentified, Michel St. Cyr, Alex Payer, White Breast | Alex Payer | John Michael St. Cyr | A Group with a Drum, 1887 | A Group in Front of a Building | Chief White Horse Holding a Pipe-Tomahawk | Chief Blackhawk | Čaxšebᵋnįnįka (Young Eagle) | Henry French, Čaxšepsučka | Blue Wing | Jaspar Blowsnake as a Teenager | Big Hawk | Hezazačka (Branching Horns) | Little Winneshiek and His Wife |Little Cloud | Chief Ahúčogá, "Blue Wing," | A Group Camping by the Baraboo, 1905 | Women Gambling with Dice, 1907 (2) | A Hočąk Powwow | Dancing at the 1907 Powwow | Jim Swallow, William Massey, Tom Thunder, George Eagle, Ben Thundercloud | John Harrison | John Mike's Spirit Stone | Census Taker Enumerating the Hočągara near Waupaca | Oliver LaMère | John Baptiste | Jim Pine | John Rave and Family | Betsy Thunder | A Hočąk Sewing Circle | A Hočąk Bark Lodge | Angel De Cora | Angel De Cora at Her Easel | George Howard "Chief" Johnson | Lillian St. Cyr (Red Wing) | George Miner | Mitchel Red Cloud, jr. | Mitchel Red Cloud, jr. (Standing) | Performers on the Beach by Standing Rock near the Amphitheater | Whirling Thunder, ca. 1936 | Whirling Thunder | Chief Frank Beaver, Rep. Karl Stefans, and William Davis | Henry Roe Cloud at Yale | Henry Roe Cloud and the Roe Family | Henry Roe Cloud, 1931 | Henry Roe Cloud in Oregon | George LaMère (Hotonga) | Hotonga, 1938 | Hotonga, 1950's | Bob Harrison | Reuben Snake | Joba Chamberlain | Truman Lowe | Bronson Koenig |

The 1898 Transmississippi Exposition, Omaha Nebraska — | William Hansley, Old Black Hawk, Ed Logan | Ed, Peter, William Logan, William Hansley | Black Hawk, Sr. | Black Hawk, Jr. | Black Hawk and Little Ox | William Hansley (Front) | William Hansley (Profile) | Logan and Four Children | Mrs. Joseph Street | Hočąk Women | A Group of Nine |

Stereoscopic Photographs — | Winneshiek the Elder | Chief Gray Wolf | Standing Buffalo | Standing Buffalo Holding a Rifle | Standing Buffalo Holding a Rifle While Reclining | Hezazačka (Branching Horns) | A Seated Woman | A Seated Woman (2)A Child | One Horn | A Woman with a Child on Her Back | Two Young Women with a Baby | White Nose | Jim Big Winnebago | Three Men Seated | Henry Rice Hill and Benjamin Bearskin | A Man with a Beaver Skin Cap | A Man Wearing a Blanket | Keračowįga ("Blue Sky"), a Girl, and a Dog | One That Walks Behind | A Woman with a Blanket in Her Lap | Three Women and a Child on a Hillside | Four Children | A Group Sitting on a Hillside | A Camping Scene | Tonnunga | Men and Women Seated on a Bench Outside a Building | Men in Full Warrior Costume | "Winnebago Treaty Table" | Winnebago Treaty Table Enlarged | A Seated Group with Horses | People Sittng in a Clearing at a Campsite |


Paintings

        
    
Charles Bird King   George Catlin   J. O. Lewis
Three Paintings of Hųwąnįka (Little Elk)

 

      
 
Charles Bird King   Charles Bird King
Čižąhaka   A Hočąk Orator (Spanioraga ?)

 

      
 
Charles Bird King   J. O. Lewis
Two Portraits of Čugiga (Amisquam), "Spoon Decorah"
Amisquam is probably Menominee for "Spoon," cf. Ojibwe Emikwaan, "Spoon"

 

    
 
J. O. Lewis   J. O. Lewis
Four Legs (Hujopka)   The Wife of Four Legs

 

         
   
J. O. Lewis   Charles Bird King   George Catlin
Keramąnįga, "The Turtle who Walks"   Nąga, "Wood," also Known as Keramąnįga

 

         
   
Paul Kane   Charles Bird King   J. O. Lewis
Mązapaka   Wiga and Redbird   Hojinažiga, Better Known as "Spotted Arm"

 

           
   
George Catlin   George Catlin   George Catlin
Wakąjaga   Wakązika   The Spaniard (Spanioraga)

 

      
 
George Catlin   George Catlin
Wonder (Wondetówa), Prairie du Chien, 1835   Mąnąpega

 

      
 
George Catlin   George Catlin
Wačihaska
"Drives Them Out of the Lodge"
  Káw-kaw-ne-chóo-a
(Kąkąnįcų́ga ?, "Takes into Possession Ponka")

 

           
   
J. O. Lewis   J. O. Lewis   J. O. Lewis
Black Wolf   Little Duck   Little Otter, 1827

 

      
 
Charles Bird King   J. O. Lewis
Wakąga, "Snake"

 

      
 
J. O. Lewis   Charles Bird King
Wakąziga (Wakąhaga), "Yellow Snake"   Wakąhaga,"Snake Skin," Often Identified with Wakąga

 

    
 
George Catlin   E. M. Sully
White Cloud, the Winnebago Prophet

 

      
 
George Catlin   George Catlin
Old Decorah and His Family, 1830   Noxčuxiga, "He Who Breaks the Bushes," 1828

 

    
 
George Catlin   J. O. Lewis
He Who Moistens the Wood (Nąxąwąiga ?)   Wačxetega, "Big Canoe," 1825

 

     
 
Peter Rindisbacher   Charles Deas
Isaac Winneshiek, Chief of the Lacrosse Village (1829)   Šoǧogᵋnįka (Little Hill)

 

    
 
Charles Deas   Charles Deas
Wakąjahirega (Thunderbirds Passing By), 1842

 

    
 
Charles Deas   Charles Deas
A Hočąk Warrior with a Club, 1840   A Hočąk Warrior with a Spear, 1842

Scenes

 
George Catlin
Duck Hunting

 

 
George Catlin
Primitive Sailing by the Winnebago

 

 
Seth Eastman
The Winnebago Medicine Dance

 

Charles Deas
“Winnebagoes” (1840-1842)

 

Charles Deas
“Winnebagoes Playing Checkers” (1842)

 

 
Seth Eastman
“A Winnebago Encampment” (ca. 1847)

 

Edwin Willard Deming
“A Winnebago Father Teaching His Boy To Shoot”

 


Drawings

            
     
    George Catlin   George Catlin  
Šoǧogᵋnįka (Little Hill)   Nąga, "Wood," also
Known as Keramąnįga
  Kakąjuka  

 

         
   
George Catlin   E. J. Barlow    
Wačihaskaga   Redbird and Wiga   Yellow Thunder

 

      
 
Ferdinand Pettrich   Ferdinand Pettrich
Two Winnebago Lithographs, 1847

 

           
   
        George Catlin
Winneshiek the Elder   Young Winneshiek (Ahušipka, Short Wings),
the Brother of Winneshiek
  Wakązika

 

    
 
Lipp   Charles P. Hexom
Henry Roe Cloud
ca. 1910 (see below)
  Little Winneshiek (Nójįga, Hits the Tree)
1913

 

Hope College
George LaMère, 1926
(Hotonga - see below)



Photographs

R. A. Lewis
Hočąk Chiefs, New York City, 1865
Front Row: Hųgᵋxų́nųga (Young Prophet or Little Priest), Wakąjagiwįxka (Whirling Thunder[bird]),
White Breast (below), Little Decorah, Šoǧogᵋnįka (Little Hill, below).
Back Row: Major F. J. Dewitt, Trader; Robert Wilkinson Furnas, Winnebago Agent (Future Governor of Nebraska);
Alex Payer (1, 2), Translator; Michel St. Cyr, Translator (below).

 

      
   
R. A. Lewis    
Hųgᵋxų́nųga (Little Priest),
New York, 1865
  Little Priest and Henry Decorah, of Co. A of the Omaha Scouts,
Nebraska, ca. 1865
The name Hųgᵋxų́nųga is from Hųk-xų́nų-ga, where hųk can be translated as "chief, priest, prophet"; and xų́nų as "young, little." These may be recombined to give many different permutations of his name, the two most common being "Little Priest" and "Young Prophet." He was a member of the Bear Clan, and was believed to have been blessed with Grizzly Bear Powers. In the 1840s he succeeded his father (of the same name) to become the last War Chief of the Hočąk nation. He was accused of participating in the Sioux Uprising of 1862, but by 1864 he was with Stufft's Independent Company, Indian Scouts, US Volunteers fighting the Sioux in Sully's Expedition. In 1866, with the Winnebago contingent of the Omaha Scouts, he single-handedly engaged 32 Lakota, taking five scalps, but receiving a wound in the leg that later proved fatal. In Nebraska the tribal college and the annual powwow are named in his honor. Two stories (1, 2) in this collection are about his exploits.

 

           
       
R. A. Lewis   R. A. Lewis   M. J. Powers
Whirling Thunder (Wakąjagiwįxka)
New York, 1865
  White Breast (Stone Man)
New York, 1865
  Little Squirrel
New York, 1865

 

           
       
R. A. Lewis   Joel Emmons Whitney (1822-1886)    
Šoǧogᵋnįka (Little Hill), 1860   Šoǧogᵋnįka, before 1886   Peją́ga (Crane)

 

 
Whitney
A Group with Winneshiek the Elder (Center)

 

 
Whitney
A Hočąk Encampment, ca. 1865

 

 
Boy with a Bow and a Bird Arrow
1866

 

 
NAA 4605
The Hočągara being paid by the federal government for the cession of their land, probably not long after the Civil War.

 

    
 
Alice C. Fletcher, NAA   Alice C. Fletcher, NAA
Alice C. Fletcher, Meepe, and Martha (1887-1889)   Mary Ann (1887)
Alice C. Fletcher served as Special Agent to the Winnebago, 1887-1889. Meepe and Martha used to pitch and keep the tent for the allotting agents in the field. They are standing before the house of the agent to the Winnebagos. The photo to the right is of Mary Ann, a friend of Alice Fletcher.

 

    
 
Edric L. Eaton   Edric L. Eaton
An Unidentified Young Man
1865
  An Unidentified Teenager
Between 1865 and 1880

 

 
Yellow Thunder
Between 1868 and 1873

 

     
 
Henry H. Bennett, NAA   H. H. Bennett
Wakąjaziga (Yellow Thunder), Chief of the Tribe, prior to 1874   A Woman Tanning a Hide, 1880

 

 
NAA 03799
A Hočąk Medicine Rite Encampment

 

 
NAA 03799
The Interior of a Hočąk Medicine Rite Tent

 

     
    
NAA INV 00182000 OPPS NEG BAE 3759A   NAA INV 00182100 OPPS NEG BAE 3759B
Michel St. Cyr, 1886

 

     
    
NAA Negative 3794   NAA BAE GN 03758 06606500
Unidentified, Michel St. Cyr, Alex Payer,
White Breast, Before 1884
  John Michael St. Cyr

 

      
 
Negative 3763 B, NAA   Negative 3763 A, NAA
Alex Payer, Government Translator, Before 1884 (See Above, 1, 2)

 

 
Alice C. Fletcher
Grass Dancers with a Drum, 1887
The two men standing at the left appear to be Jim Swallow and George Eagle (see below).

 

 
A Group in Front of a Building

 

       
 
Charles Milton Bell    
Chief White Horse Holding a Pipe-Tomahawk
Before 1890
  Chief Blackhawk
1897

 

      
 
H. H. Bennett   H. H. Bennett
Čaxšebᵋnįnįka, "Young Eagle," ca. 1890

 

    
 
De Lancey W. Gill, NAA    
Henry French, Čaxšepsučka (b. 1849), 1899   Blue Wing, Paris Exposition of 1900

 

   
Jaspar Blowsnake as a Teenager Big Hawk, 1899

 

      
 
H. H. Bennett    
Hezazačka, "Branching Horns," 1905   Little Winneshiek and His Wife (see above 1, 2)

 

       
 
    Harry Elsworth Cole
Little Cloud, 1900   Chief Ahúčogá, "Blue Wing," ca. 1905

 

 
Harry Elsworth Cole
Right to Left: Smoky Smoke, a Menominee; Yellow Thunder, son of the old chief; Bill Decorah (with club),
and his wife and child at a camp near Linen Mill, close to the south bank of the river Baraboo (1905).

 

      
 
Dr. R. C. Gebhardt, NAA    
Women Gambling with Dice, 1907

 

 
NAA GN 4411
A Hočąk Powwow, 1907

 

 
NAA GN 4412
Dancing at the 1907 Powwow

 

 
Jim Swallow, William Massey, Tom Thunder, George Eagle, Ben Thundercloud
1908

 

      
 
De Lancey W. Gill   De Lancey W. Gill

John Harrison, 1909
Wakąjakiriga, Thunderbird Coming (1847-ca. 1916)

In his youth he was a member of Company “A” of the Omaha Scouts, and later rose to the rank of Captain of the police. He was a source for Dorsey, Gatschet, and Radin. For his stories in this collection, see Contributors.

 

 
Dr. Alphonse Gerend
John Mike's Spirit Stone
"My stone animal was kept by my great grandfathers. My grandfather kept it, beginning in 1809, until his death. I have the possession of the animal since my father died, in 1908, he being then 99 years old. This animal is helpful to the members of our families. We ask it for strength and power and for wild game. He replies by giving us these and power. He gives us these through his spirit."

 

 
Hacking Bros.
U.S. Census Taker Enumerating the Hočągara near Waupaca, Wisconsin
1910

 

         
     
BAE 37: Pl. 55a   BAE 37, Pl. 9a   BAE 37, Pl. 5a
Oliver LaMère   John Baptiste     Jim Pine
Oliver LaMère was Paul Radin's principal translator and author of books and articles in his own right. See Contributors.   John Baptiste, Wąkšikčónįga ("Foremost Man"), was Paul Radin's original translator, superseded by Oliver LaMère. See Contributors.   Jim Pine was the author of a number of stories contained in this collection. See Contributors.

 

     
 
BAE 37: Pl. 55b     BAE 37, Pl. 5b
John Rave (Bear Clan) and Family, Prior to 1913
John Rave was an important informant for Paul Radin. See Contributors.

 

      
 
Charles Van Schalck Collection   Baitt and Parsons
Betsy Thunder, Hočąk Medicine Woman,
Bird Clan, February 6, 1913
  A Young Man and His Dog
1913
"When the U.S. government ordered Wisconsin Winnebagoes to migrate to Nebraska, Betsy and others hid out in the hills of Jackson County. She lived in Wiscionsin her entire life because she felt god had wanted it that way." — Victoria Brown   Dogs played a very important part in Hočąk life, not only as companions of the hunt, but as members of the family. They were considered equivalent to human beings, and were thus, from time to time, offered as a human sacrifice to the Spirits and then eaten.

 

 
Rev. James Osbourne Arthur Collection
A Hočąk Sewing Circle, 1913
The woman at the far left is Mrs. Arthur, the wife of the missionary from the Presbyterian Church, holding her child. The Hočąk women are not identified. The picture was take at Winnebago, Nebraska.

 

 
Henry Roe Cloud
A Hočąk Bark Lodge, ca. 1915

 

    
 
Angel De Cora, Maxiwi-Kerenąka[wįga] ?   Angel De Cora at Her Easel
Angel De Cora was an accomplished artist who was published in many magazines and books of the time. She was a member of the Thunderbird Clan, and the Decorah family, heriditary chiefs, descended from Sabrevoir de Carrie and Hąboguwįga, the only known female chief of the Hočągara. Her husband, who was half Sioux, was (ironically) the first head coach of the Washington Redskins.

 

               
   
George Howard "Chief" Johnson (1886-1922)
Major League Baseball pitcher for the Cinncinati Reds and the Kansas City Packers (1913-1915).

 

             
   
Lillian Margaret St. Cyr, 1914
Ahušujᵋwįga, "Red Wing" (1884-1974)
  Lillian St. Cyr
in "Squaw Man," 1914
  Lillian St. Cyr with Her Husband,
James Young Deer (Johnson)
Lillian St. Cyr performed in more than 35 short Western films from 1908-1921. She became a Hollywood star by appearing in the lead role in Cecil B. DeMille's first film, "The Squaw Man." She and her husband Young Deer were recognized as Hollywood's first "power couple."

 

             
   
Corporal George Miner of Tomah, Wisconsin   Mitchel Red Cloud, jr.   Mitchel Red Cloud, jr.
Pulling Guard at the American Bridgehead (Occupation Zone) at Niederahren, Germany, 2 January 1919.   Won the Medal of Honor in the Korean War. Mitchell Red Cloud Jr., from Wisconsin, was a corporal in Company E., 19th Infantry Regiment, in Korea. "With utter fearlessness he maintained his firing position until severely wounded by enemy fire. Refusing assistance he pulled himself to his feet and wrapping his arm around a tree continued his deadly fire again, until he was fatally wounded. This heroic act stopped the enemy from overrunning his company's position ..."

 

Library of Congress
Performers on the Beach by Stand Rock near the Amphitheater, 1925

 

     
 
Indians of Today   Library of Congress
Whirling Thunder (Wakąjágiwįxka), ca. 1936   Whirling Thunder (Wearing a Plains Headdress)
He was born in Tomah, Wisconsin. Whirling Thunder pursued a career with the Boy Scouts. He was a member of the Order of the Arrow and Vice-President of the Indian Council Fire. He was received by King Christian X when he visited Denmark for an Indian presentation.   "Princess O-Me-Me, a Chippewa; Sun Road, a Pueblo; and Chief Whirling Thunder, a Winnebago, looking over Chicago's skyline from the roof of the Hotel Sherman." 3 October 1929.

 

 
Library of Congress
Chief Frank Beaver, Rep. Karl Stefans, and William Davis
"Washington, D.C., July 5, 1939. Congressman Karl Stefans of Nebraska conferred with tribesmen of the Winnebago Reservation over his bill to provide compensation for members of the Winnebago Tribe for lands which the Indians were forced to leave in Wisconsin in 1863, ... and feels that Winnebagos should be compensated for their lands."

 

               
       
Henry Roe Cloud at Yale
  Henry Roe Cloud and the Roe Family   Henry Roe Cloud, 1931 (see above)
  Henry Roe Cloud in Oregon
His clan name was Wonąǧirehųka, "War Chief", a Warrior Clan name. Henry Roe Cloud (1881-1950) was an educator, college administrator, official in the Office of Indian Affairs, Presbyterian minister, and reformer. The first Native American admitted to Yale University.

 

           
   
    Daily Iowan   postcard
George LaMère (Hotonga)
1920's (?)
  Hotonga
1938
  Hotonga
1950's (see above)
George LaMère was born in 1900 at Winnebago, Nebraska. He had an extraordinary voice, having sung on Broadway before winning a scholarship to the University of Miami on the strength of an audition. He graduated with honors, and was on the faculties of Hope College and Carson Indian School. He was Charles Sanford Skilton's chief collaborator in his "Indianist" music. He was the featured singer in the Standing Rock performances throughout his adult life. He died in 1956.

 

             
   
Bob (Robert William) Harrison (b. 1927)
Bob Harrison is the grandson of John Harrison (above). He was the first American Indian to have played in the NBA. Bob Harrison had a distinguished career with Minneapolis Lakers (1949–1953), Milwaukee / St. Louis Hawks (1953–1956), Syracuse Nationals (1956–1958), and played in the 1956 All Star game. He later coached at Kenyon College and Harvard University.

 

      
 
Reuben Snake (1937-1993), Snake Clan   Joba Chamberlain (b. 1983), Buffalo Clan
Hočąk tribal chairman, environmentalist, writer, singer and national chairman of the American Indian Movement.   Major League Baseball pitcher for the New York Yankees, Detroit Tigers, Kansas City Royals, and Cleveland Indians.

 

      
 
Truman Lowe (b. 1944)   Bronson Koenig (b. 1994)
Internationally famed artist, and professor; winner of the Wisconsin Visual Art Lifetime Achievement Award.   A University of Wisconsin basketball star, "the most notable Native American men’s basketball player in the nation." He is also a prominent activist.


The 1898 Transmississippi Exposition, Omaha Nebraska

    
 
F. A. Rinehart, 1898. TMI #02049   F. A. Rinehart, 1898. TMI #02047
The American Indians 1898 Photo Album. ©Omaha Public Library, 1998. Reproduced by Permission from the collections of the Omaha Public Library   The American Indians 1898 Photo Album. ©Omaha Public Library, 1998. Reproduced by Permission from the collections of the Omaha Public Library
"Old Black Hawk, Wm Hansley, Ed Logan"   "Ed, Peter, & Wm Logan, Wm Hansley"

 

   
  
F. A. Rinehart, 1898. TMI #02497   F. A. Rinehart, 1898. TMI #02055
The American Indians 1898 Photo Album. ©Omaha Public Library, 1998. Reproduced by Permission from the collections of the Omaha Public Library   The American Indians 1898 Photo Album. ©Omaha Public Library, 1998. Reproduced by Permission from the collections of the Omaha Public Library
Black Hawk   Chief Black Hawk
The older Black Hawk at left is the father of his namesake on the right.

 

         
   
F. A. Rinehart, 1898. TMI #02046   F. A. Rinehart, 1898. TMI #02052   F. A. Rinehart, 1898. TMI #02053
The American Indians 1898 Photo Album. ©Omaha Public Library, 1998. Reproduced by Permission from the collections of the Omaha Public Library   The American Indians 1898 Photo Album. ©Omaha Public Library, 1998. Reproduced by Permission from the collections of the Omaha Public Library   The American Indians 1898 Photo Album. ©Omaha Public Library, 1998. Reproduced by Permission from the collections of the Omaha Public Library
"Black Hawk, Little Ox"   "Wm Hansley"   "Wm Hansley (Profile)"

 

    
 
F. A. Rinehart, 1898. TMI #02048   F. A. Rinehart, 1898. TMI #00655
The American Indians 1898 Photo Album. ©Omaha Public Library, 1998. Reproduced by Permission from the collections of the Omaha Public Library   The American Indians 1898 Photo Album. ©Omaha Public Library, 1998. Reproduced by Permission from the collections of the Omaha Public Library
"Ed Logan, Four Children"   "Mrs. Joseph Street"
    This is the wife of Gen. Joseph Street, for whom see the Commentary to Juliette Kinzie's Wau-Bun

 

    
 
F. A. Rinehart, 1898. TMI #02488   F. A. Rinehart, 1898. TMI #02487
The American Indians 1898 Photo Album. ©Omaha Public Library, 1998. Reproduced by Permission from the collections of the Omaha Public Library   The American Indians 1898 Photo Album. ©Omaha Public Library, 1998. Reproduced by Permission from the collections of the Omaha Public Library
"Winnebago Women, Group of Seven"   "Winnebago Group of Nine"

 


Stereoscopic Photographs

 
J. E. Whitney

Winneshiek the Elder, Head Chief of the Hočągara
1862-1875

 

W. H. Illingworth
Chief Gray Wolf
Between 1868 and 1880
Gray Wolf was the brother of the last Hočąk War Chief, Little Priest.

 

 
W. H. Illingworth
Čenąžį́ga = Standing Buffalo (David McCluskey), ca. 1870
Che-nah-zi-gah was arrested for assisting the Dakota during the outbreak of 1862, but later released. David McCluskey is listed as a private in Stufft's Independent Company, Indian Scouts, US Volunteers. He saw action during the Sully Campaign against the Lakota in 1864, and is the author of a large pictograph depicting the fighting that took place during the Battle of the Badlands. The caption of this picture describes him as "a celebrated dancer."

 

 
C. L. Hamilton ?
Standing Buffalo Holding a Rifle, 1874

 

 
C. L. Hamilton ?
Standing Buffalo Holding a Rifle While Reclining, 1874

 

 
H. H. Bennett
Hezazačka, "Branching Horns," 1905

 

 
C. L. Hamilton ?

A Seated Woman
Between 1868 and 1880

 

 
C. L. Hamilton ?
A Seated Woman
Between 1868 and 1880

 

 
C. L. Hamilton
A Child

 

 
Unknown Studio
One Horn

 

 
C. L. Hamilton
A Woman with a Child on Her Back
Between 1868 and 1880

 

 
C. L. Hamilton ?
Two Young Women with a Baby
Between 1868 and 1880

 

 
B. H. Gurnsey ?
Paskaga, White Nose
Between 1868 and 1880
The explanation asssociated with the photo says, "Pos-Ka-Ka or White Face, Winnebago celebrated for the size of his nose." The name is actually, pa, "nose"; ska, "white"; and -ga, a suffix indicating a personal name.

 

 
Jim Big Winnebago
Big Winnebago had married a Dakota woman, and was charged with participating in the Sioux Uprising of 1862, but later acquitted. "Big Winnebago" is a translation of Hočągᵋxetega, which the Dakota rendered as Otonkatonka.

 

 
W.H. Illingworth
Three Men Seated (Standing Buffalo is in the Center)
St. Paul, Minnesota, 1870

 

 
W. H. Illingworth
San-Jan-Mon-E-Kah = Sąjamanįga, "Grizzled Walking Person" (Henry Rice Hill, Son of Chief Little Hill) and Benjamin Bearskin
1870

 

 
C. L. Hamilton
A Man with a Beaver Skin Cap
Between 1868 and 1880

 

 
C. L. Hamilton
A Man Wearing a Blanket
Between 1868 and 1880

 

 
William Henry Jackson
Keračowįga, "Blue Sky" (Wolf Clan), a Girl, and a Dog
1877

 

 
Unknown Studio (Gurnsey ?)
Mah-dee-hay-wingah (Mąnįhewiga ?), One That Walks Behind
Between 1868 and 1880

 

 
Unknown Studio
A Woman with a Blanket on Her Lap
Between 1868 and 1880

 

 
C. L. Hamilton ?
Three Women and a Child on a Hillside

 

 
C. L. Hamilton ?
Four Children
Between 1865 and 1880

 

 
C. L. Hamilton ?
A Group Sitting on a Hillside
Between 1868 and 1880

 

 
C. L. Hamilton ?
A Camping Scene
Between 1868 and 1880

 

 
Tonnunga (Tonąka, "He Sits Large" ? or perhaps Omaha Tenuga, "Buffalo")
Between 1865 and 1880

 

 
C. L. Hamilton ?
Men and Women Seated on a Bench Outside a Building
Between 1868 and 1880

 

 
NAA INV 09860700
Men in Full Warrior Costume
Before 1889

 

 
C. L. Hamilton ?
"Winnebago Treaty Table"
1871
Taylor's Scrapbook describes this scene as, "Winnebago and Omaha Indian Council." This council was held in Nebraska between Winnebago leaders including Standing Bear, and Omaha leaders including Yellow Smoke, with Superintendent of Indian Affairs Samuel McPherson Janney in 1871. Another photograph in this set is entitled, "Council between Winnebago and Omaha tribes with Superintendent Janney in Nebraska in 1871." The man standing in front of the horseman (Yellow Smoke ?) appears to be addressing the convocation. The man with the upright feathers standing behind the table is Standing Buffalo (q.v., 1, 2, 3, 4).

 

 
C. L. Hamilton ?
Winnebago Treaty Table, 1871, Enlarged

 

 
C. L. Hamilton
A Seated Group with Horses
Between 1862 and 1868

 

 
C. L. Hamilton ?
People Sittng in a Clearing at a Campsite

 

 
H. H. Bennett
Big Bear in the Diamond Grotto, Wisconsin Dells