Hočąk Text — Thunder Cloud is Blessed

narrated by Sam Blowsnake


English Translation


 

p. 306 —
Ëgi haⁿdếhok‘árakcúnᴀⁿ. “Tcëkdjína ᵋuáñgᴇrêgi uáñkdocêwê
Egi hąté hokárakšúną. “Čekjína, wą́geregi, wą́ktošewe
Then he told of his fasting experience. “At the very beginning, up above, doctors

 


 

tcíjañk‘i ë́dja hîñgŭadjírenᴀⁿ waxop‘î́ni djā́nañga
čížąk’į éja hįguajíreną. Waxopį́ni jánąga
[served as] a village there they came into existence. Spirits the various

 


 

mañxí uañgᴇrêgi-ák‘i hanā́ⁿtcîñxdjîⁿ wajîñgigû́ⁿzirê, djáskê
mąxí wągeregi-áki haną́čįxjį wažįgigųzire, jáske
clouds the ones up above all they taught something, what

 


 

hakdjéra hîñgigû́ⁿzirenᴀⁿ. Tcëkdjinᴀ waigiᵋúinenᴀⁿ. ‘Uañkcigế
hakjéra hįgigųzireną. Čekjina waigi’úineną. ‘Wąkšigé
I shall do they instructed me. In the beginning they taught me. ‘Human

 


 

hiᵋû́ⁿdjakdjènᴀⁿ,’ hîñgaírenᴀⁿ. Nañxatᵋégiaⁿ máⁿiñk xaⁿdji-áni
hi’ųjakjèną,’ hįgaíreną. Nąxat’égią mą́įk* xąji-áni
let us try,’ they said. A log, rotten [having moss]

*Marino has mą’įk.

 


 

γíγik tciok‘iságᴇdjakcê. Ë́dja uañkdócêwê hik‘ítcga
ǧíǧik čiokiságejakše. Éja wąktóšewe hikíčga
[to be covered] it lay in the middle of the lodge. There doctors to treat

 


 

hîñgigírenᴀⁿ. Tcëkdjínᴀ honihátᵋôⁿp gadjᴀⁿ djā́nañga tci-óju-ak‘a
hįgigíreną. Čekjína honihát’ǫp gają jánąga či-óžu-aka
[they made for me.] Then once he breathed, and all those that were in the lodge

 


 

hanā́ⁿtcîñxdjîⁿ nîñgihaírenᴀⁿ; hinū̀bốhôⁿṇa jigiop‘ếγûñgàdjᴀⁿ
haną́čįxjį nįgihaíreną; hinùbóhǫna žigiopéǧųgàją,
all of them they breathed with him; the second time [again when he breathed,]

 


 

hanā́ⁿtcîñxdjîⁿ nîñgihaírenᴀⁿ; hidaníhôⁿṇa
haną́čįxjį nįgihaíreną; hitaníhǫna
all of them they breathed with him; the third time

 


 

jigiop‘ếγuna, hidjobốhôⁿṇa hop‘êγogádjᴀⁿ.
žigiopéǧuna, hijobóhǫna hopeǧogáją.
[again he was breathed upon,] for the fourth time he was breathed on.

 


 

p. 307 —
Uañgᴇra watcegíjᴀⁿ hik‘áwaᵋûⁿ k‘irik‘érehanᴀⁿ
Wągera wačegížą hikáwa’ų kirikérehaną,
The man a young one he arose he walked away,

 


 

nañxatᵋégôñk‘a. Djobốhaⁿ honihatᵋốⁿpgadjᴀⁿ uañkcîgíjᴀⁿ k‘ik‘áwaᵋûⁿ
nąxat’égǫka. Jobóhą honihat’ǫ́pgają, wąkšįgížą kikáwa’ų
the dead log. The fourth after the breathing, a man he arose

 


 

k‘irik‘erénᴀⁿ. ‘Uáñkcîgê wák‘aⁿ tcañgádjᴀⁿ,’ hîñgaírenᴀⁿ.
kirikeréną. ‘Wą́kšįge, wákąčągáją,’ hįgaíreną.
he walked away. ‘Human, he is very holy,’* they said to me.

*first, it should be noted that wákąčąk is a single word, and that the translation makes better sense as, "it is very holy," since wą́kšįge, "human," is being used in direct address.

 


 

“Ë́gi jigê dedjốnadjedja hîñgŭadjírenᴀⁿ dedjốnatck‘ìsakdji-èdja
“Égi žige Tejónajeja hįgŭajíreną. Tejónačkìsakji-èja
“[Then] [again] from the Ocean they came after me. There in the middle of the Ocean

 


 

uañkdócêwê tcíjañk‘i ë́dja náⁿdjûⁿdjoiṇènᴀⁿ djā́nañga
wąktóšewe čížąki, éja ną́jųjoirèną, Jánąga
shaman there is a village, there they blessed me. As many as

 


 

dedjóju-ak‘ìji hanā́ⁿtcíñxdjîⁿ naⁿdjûⁿdjaíⁿṇenᴀⁿ. Ë́dja hik‘ikᵋû́ñkdja
Tejóžu-akìži, haną́čį́xjį nąjųjaį́reną. Éja hik’ik’ų́kja
[that were placed in the Ocean,] all of them they blessed me. There to try my power

 


 

hîñgigírenᴀⁿ dedjốna djasgếxdjeⁿnôñk‘a* hanā́ⁿtcîñxdjîⁿ tcacdjốṇa
hįgigíreną. Tejóna jasgéxjįnǫka haną́čįxjį čašjóna,
they made me. The Ocean [throughout the whole] [all of them] the waves,

*/eⁿ/ is not a phoneme in Hočąk. This is probably a misreading of a handwritten /i/ as an /e/.

 


 

rok‘ốnôxdjìnồñkᵋûⁿ howéγûⁿ hicírera. Haᵋúnᴀⁿ hop‘ếγûñgadjᴀⁿ,
rokónoxjìnǫ̀k’ų howéǧų hišírera. Ha’úną hopéǧųgają,
as many as there are, to blow upon they asked me. I made after I blew upon them,

 


 

hadákdjîⁿ k‘iridjêhánᴀⁿ. Waskêxônúnîñk hojuk‘eréreniskê k‘iridjénᴀⁿ.
hatákjį kirijeháną. Waskexonúnįk hožukeréreniske kirijéną.
quiet it became. Small saucer it filled in like it became.

 


 

Jígê hidaníhôⁿṇa hop‘ếγûñgadjᴀⁿ, jigê jëerénᴀⁿ.
Jíge hitaníhǫna hopéǧųgają, žige žeeréną.
[Again] for the third time I blew, and again it was that way.

 


 

Hidjobốhôṇa dedjốṇa wak‘únuk‘unûk hak‘iwuxốnᴀⁿ hîñgik‘ốnôñgirā̀nañga,
Hijobóhona Tejóna wakúnukunuk hakiwuxóną hįgikónǫgirā̀nąga
The fourth time the Ocean choppy piled upon they made, and

 


 

jigê howeγúîⁿcirènᴀⁿ hik‘ikᵋû́ñkdjarê hîñgaírenᴀⁿ. Hop‘ếxûñgadjᴀⁿ
žige howeǧúįširèną. Hik’ik’ų́kjare hįgaíreną. Hopéxųgają
again they told me to blow on it. It would show my power, they said. I blew, and

 


 

dédjôṇa djaskếxdjiⁿnôñk‘a honā́ⁿtcîñxdjîⁿ hadák k‘iridjehā́nᴀⁿ. “‘Uáñkcîgê,
Téjona jaskéxjįnǫka honą́čįxjį haták kirijeháną. “‘Wą́kšįge,
the Ocean as it was mighty quiet it became. “‘Human,

 


 

dejḗskê waragígiranicekdjènᴀⁿ,’ hîñgairenᴀⁿ. ‘K‘ê wajanijᴀⁿ curucᵋā́gᴇnîñkdjᴀnènᴀⁿ.
tejḗske waragígiranišekjèną,’ hįgaireną. ‘K’e wažąnižą šuruš’ágenįkjanèną.
this way you will have to do it,’ they said. ‘Not anything you cannot accomplish.

 


 

Howajá djagúra hanā́ⁿtcîñxdjîⁿ rucdjáⁿ warakdjᴀnénᴀⁿ,’
Howažá jagúra haną́čįxjį rušją́ warakjanéną,’
Illness whatever all to cure you can do it,’

 


 

hîñgaírenᴀⁿ. Ë́gi jigê máⁿṇegêrèra djanañgā́k‘i
hįgaíreną. Égi žige mą́negerèra janągáki
they said. [And] [again] the ones on earth [as many as there are]

 


 

hanā́ⁿtcîñxdjîⁿ naⁿdjûⁿdjaíⁿṇenᴀⁿ. ‘Uáñkcigerìjᴀⁿ haⁿbaixā́wanañga dani-ónîñgijùrêgi
haną́čįxjį nąjųjaį́reną. ‘Wą́kšigerìžą hąbaixáwanąga* tani-ónįgižùregi,
all they blessed me. ‘A human he suffers [and] if he pours tobacco,

*this seems to be hąp-haixa(na)wa-anąga, "he moves away from the light, and."

 


 

djagúrijᴀⁿ hicegíji nîñgíwanikèkdjᴀnàwinᴀⁿ,’ hîñgaírenᴀⁿ. Manitcórôs
jagúrižą hišegíži nįgíwanikèkjanàwiną,’ hįgaíreną. Maničóros
whatever you demand we will do that for you,’ they said. Blue Clay Banks

 


 

ā́nañgrê ë́gi maⁿtcówacijàⁿnañgre ë́dja hîñgŭadjírenᴀⁿ
ánągre égi mąčówašižạ̀nągre* éja hįgŭajíreną,
[what is called] [here] [what is called] a dancing grizzly bear there they came,

*this is mąčó-wašižạ̀-ánągre: mąčó, "grizzly bear"; waši-žạ̀, "a dancing one"; and ánągre, "what is called."

 


 

naⁿdjûⁿdjaírenᴀⁿ. Hagârë́jᴀⁿ wajáⁿnijᴀⁿ tcexi-áwigi
nąjųjaíreną. Hagaréžą wažą́nižą čexi-áwigi ,
they blessed me. If ever [anything] if I should meet with some great trouble,

 


 

hîñgidjiraírekdjᴀnènᴀⁿ, hîñgaírenᴀⁿ. Daníṇa djā́nañga wiranáⁿîñgi wagip‘axû́ñgi
hįgijiraírekjanèną, hįgaíreną. Tanína jánąga wiraną́įgi wagipaxų́gi,
they will help me, they said. Tobacco as much as as I think if I pour,

 


 

p. 308 —
harak‘îⁿṇanihek‘djᴀnènᴀⁿ, hîñgaírenᴀⁿ. Honihára ᵋûñkᵋúinenᴀⁿ hodjáⁿbᴇra
harakįranihekjanèną, hįgaíreną. Honihára ’ųk’úineną; hoją́bera
they will smoke it, they said. Songs* they gave me; to see

*literally, "breaths."

 


 

wak‘áⁿtcañgᴇnañk‘i hûñkᵋúiṇejê hîñgaírenᴀⁿ. Ë́gi náⁿbᴇra
waką́čągenąki hųk’úireže, hįgaíreną. Égi ną́bera,
holy thing they gave, they said. [And] claws,*

*literally, "hands."

 


 

wak‘aⁿtcáñgᴇnañk‘i hûñkᵋúiṇejê hîñgaírenᴀⁿ. Ë́gi maⁿtcónañk‘a
wakąčą́genąki , hųk’úireže hįgaíreną. Égi mąčónąka
which are holy, they gave, they said. Then the grizzly bears

 


 

wacírenᴀⁿ waᵋúiṇenᴀⁿ wicgatc ᵋúinera wacirā́nañga.
wašíreną wa’úineną, wišgač’úinera waširánąga
they danced they did it, they performed dancing, and

 


 

Nîñxára k‘irup‘árac hohe-agúirānᴀñga ë́gi
nįxára kirupáraš hohe-agúirānąga égi
their abdomens to tear themselves [snorting, they came away, and] and

 


 

γōp k‘iáⁿdji-araìrega rucdjôñk‘ínicᴀnùnᴀⁿ. Ë́gi jigê waᵋúiṇécᴀnùnᴀⁿ
ǧōp kią́ji-araìrega rušjǫkínišanùną. Égi žige wa’úinéšanùną.
they made themselves holy they would heal themselves. Then again they did it.

 


 

maⁿtcócak hik‘igúdjiranᴀñga wa-íra irak‘ik‘íniṇegàcgê* maⁿcdjáⁿ
Mąčóšak hikigújiranąga wa-íra hirak’ik’íniregàšge mąšją́,
Bear claws they shot at each other, and blood they were choking badly,

*the initial /h/ has been dropped due to external sandhi.

 


 

xōp k‘i-áⁿdji-araìrega rucdjáⁿ k‘iṇesᵋájê. Ë́gi
xōp k’i-ą́ji-araìrega rušją́ kires’áže. Égi
holy they made themselves, and cured [they would become.] Now

 


 

jigê hoda waᵋúiṇejê mañk‘ájedjá ā́ra
žige hota wa’úineže: mąkážejá ára
again [some] they did the following: in the dirt paws

 


 

hixấrogerêgihirā̀nᴀñga ë́dja ëgi tcë́rap ëdja
hixárogeregihirā̀nąga éja egi čérap eja
they made them disappear, and [there] [then] [lotus root] [there]

 


 

haniaⁿhiagúresᵋàjê. Ë́gi jigê k‘aⁿdjú-ijᴀⁿ hidja
haniąhiagúres’àže. Égi žige kąjú-ižą hija
they would pull it out. Then again a plum tree there

 


 

ë́dja hánîⁿdjinôgirā̀nᴀñga nihairā́nᴀñga ruksûñksû́ntcirega k‘áⁿdjᴇra
éja hánįjinogirā̀nąga nihairánąga ruksųksų́čirega, ką́jera
at they grabbed, and they breathed, and as they shook it, plums

 


 

rohā́ñxdjîⁿ cibrê hiresᵋájë. “Ë́gi jigê
rohą́xjį šibre hires’áže. “Égi žige
many to fall [they would do.] “[And] [again]

 


 

máⁿwodja hok‘íratc ᵋúiṇejê, hañk‘ế tcaⁿtᵋîⁿ
mą́woja hokírač ’úineže, hąké čąt’į
"shells"* to give they did, not to be visible

*Radin says in a footnote here: "Although literally the word probably means “shells,” its meaning here is quite different. It refers to places where blessings, such as food, etc., are stored for the faster. However, this passage is not quite clear to me."

 


 

ᵋúiⁿṇanisᵋā̀jê. ‘Uañkcîgế anā́ⁿtcîñxdjîⁿ* náⁿdjironidjàⁿwinᴀⁿ,
’úįnanis’ā̀že. ‘Wąkšįgé, te haną́čįxjį ną́jironijạ̀winą,
they would not be. ‘Human, this all of it we bless you,

*the initial /h/ has been dropped from external sandhi.

 


 

cᵋû́ñgi curuxúruikdjᴀnènᴀⁿ,’ higaírejê. Ë́gi naⁿwā́nᴀñga
š’ų́gi šuruxúruikjanèną,’ higaíreže. Égi nąwánąga
if you do you will obtain,’ they said. Then he sang, and

 


 

nihā́nᴀñga máñgᴇrêgi niṇaxû́ⁿcᴀnùnᴀⁿ. ‘Hiskêgadjᴀⁿ  hak‘aⁿtcáñkdjîñgadjᴀⁿ,
nihánąga mą́geregi ninaxųšanùną. ‘Hiskegają;  hakąčą́kjįgają,
breathed, and on my chest he squirted water. ‘It is very true; it is very holy,

 


 

yarénᴀⁿ,’ énᴀⁿ. ‘Niṇucdjốñkdjᴀnenᴀⁿ’ hîñgénᴀⁿ.” Ë́gi
yaréną,’ éną. ‘Ninušjǫ́kjaneną,’ hįgéną.” Égi
I believe,’ he said. ‘You will get well,’ he said to me.” And

 


 

jigê mañk‘áⁿp‘iⁿṇa djā́nañga hip‘érêzgi hanā́ⁿtcîñxdjîⁿ
žige mąką́pįna jánąga hipérezgi haną́čįxjį
[again] the good medicine all of it he knew and all

 


 

wawikᵋuā́nañga rucdjáⁿwîñkdjê; ā́nañga waᵋûⁿdjénᴀⁿ. Howajára
wawik’uánąga rušją́wįkje; ánąga wa’ųjéną. Howažára
[it was in its natural form, and] it will make me well, [he said, and] [it does so.] Sickness

 


 

hinucdjấnᴀⁿe wak‘áⁿtcañk‘ê howajára hiṇucdjáñguni, yarénᴀⁿ.
hinušjáną. E waką́čąke howažára hirušją́guni, yaréną.
I recovered. He [since he was holy,] sickness I have been cured, I believe.

 


 

Ë́gi jigê hagârë́jᴀⁿ naṇákᵋûⁿ haⁿdéjê.
Égi žige hagaréžą nanák’ų hątéže.
Then again once while sleeping he dreamt.

 


 

Uañgíjᴀⁿ hak‘idjágiji uáñk skaijônéjê.
Wągížą hakijágiži wą́k skaižonéže.
A man he met and man a white one he looked like.

 


 

p. 309 —
“Horuxúdjᴇra k‘árahieskiñxdjî̀ⁿjê wáxuskaràrik‘i
"Horuxújera kárahieskįxjį́že wáxuskaràrik’i
"To behold he was very pleasant in a suit of white buckskin

 


 

hik‘ik‘ā́janᴀñga,” wagejế. “Hitcak‘ấro hañk‘aíjᴀⁿ
hikikážanąga," wagežé. "Hičakáro hąkaížą
he was dressed. he said. "My friend, it is not

 


 

jëskánîñkdjônègê ë́skê hiránidjìnᴀⁿ,” higêjế.
žeskánįkjonège éske hiránijìną," higežé.
it is not mere chance through I have come to you," he said to him.

 


 

“Wocgaíⁿjᴀⁿ p‘îⁿcᵋûⁿcura hicgế dejë́skê
"Wošgaį́žą p’įšųšura hišgé težéske
"A deed you have done (well) [also] for this reason

 


 

naⁿdjironídjaⁿṇê,” higejế. “Hitcûⁿcge gik‘arádjirera
nąjironíjąne," higežé. "Hičųšge gikarájirera
I am going to bless you," he said to him. "'Nephew' the one that they call

 


 

wadjegúni,” hirejế. “Djagúicekdjᴀnèra hicegíji,
wajegúni," hirežé. "Jagúicekjanèra, hicegíži,
it is he," he thought. "Whatever you will say, if you only say it,

 


 

djā́nañga hañk‘ế hanánixgùnigi anā́ⁿtcîⁿ*
jánąga hąké hanánixgùnigi že haną́čį
[as many as] not if they have not listened those all

*the initial /h/ was lost from external sandhi.

 


 

honaṇásewekdjᴀnènᴀⁿ, ëgi djā́nañga hanaⁿníxgûñgi
honanásewekjanèną, egi jánąga hanąníxgų̀gi
they will be confounded, and [as many as] if they listened

 


 

jêéji ni-áⁿbirekdjᴀnènᴀⁿ. Hitcûⁿcgế gik‘arádjirera
žeéži ni-ą́birekjanèną. Hičųšgé Gikarájirera
those (at least) they will live. Nephew He Whom we Call*

*He Whom we Call "Nephew" is Hare.

 


 

wáxop‘ini cicîgᴇra djā́nᴀñga wairecgúnina
wáxopini šišigerá jánąga wairešgúnina
spirits the bad ones as many as [they say]

 


 

hanaⁿsgábᴇra djasgế wawagígigi jë́skê
hanąsgábera jasgé wawagígigi, žéske
reincarnation [how] he denied it to them, that kind

 


 

waragígikdjᴀnènᴀⁿ djā́nᴀñga k‘ibánîñgigìgi,” higejế.
waragígikjanèną jánąga kibánįgigìgi," higežé.
you will bring them back as many as who doubted your teachings," he said to him.

 


 

Ë́gi jigê uáñkcîgak‘ìhᴀⁿ ā́nañgrê hijᴀ́ⁿ
Égi žige wą́kšigakìhą ánągre hižą́
And again reincarnation* they say one

* < wąkšig-haki-hą, literally, "carrying towards life".

 


 

haⁿdáginaⁿdjā̀nᴀñga rok‘ốnôxdjîⁿ haⁿdagináⁿdjᴇra, higícᴀnᴀⁿ
hątáginąjànąga rokónoxjį hątaginą́jera, higíšaną
he fasts and very much the fast certainly (?)

 


 

waxop‘î́ni warádjirera hijᴀ́ⁿ naⁿdjodjᴀ́ⁿnañga.
waxopíni warájirera hižą́ nąjojąnąga.
spirits the various ones one they will bless him.

 


 

“Hagârë́jᴀⁿ cdjegíji, ë́gi rak‘írikdjᴀnènᴀⁿ,”
"Hagaréžą šjegíži égi rakírikjanèną,"
"At any time if you die then you will come back again,"

 


 

higegí. Uáñkdjega hagârë́jᴀⁿ tᵋegíji nañγíragᴇra
higegí. Wą́kjega hagaréžą t’egíži, nąǧiragera
he said to him. The man [finally] when he died, the ghost

 


 

warádjirê naⁿdjodjáⁿnihera ë́dja ginấnᴀⁿ giji jêế
warájire nąjoją́nihera eja ginánągiži žeé
the various ones that blessed him there it could go back those

 


 

waxop‘î́ni waradjirénôñk‘a waganáⁿjê. Jigế p‘îⁿhi
waxopíni warajirénǫka waganą́že. Žigé p’įhi
spirits those various ones they told him. Again he did well

 


 

uañkcî́k cᵋîñkdjégi hakdjá uañkcî́gᴇrêgi
wąkšík š’įkjégi. Hakjá wąkšígeregi
human if he became. Back as a human being

 


 

hak‘íri uañkcî́kᵋîⁿnàⁿjê aírecᴀnúnᴀⁿ. Ë́gi Jigê
hakíri wąkšík’įną̀že, aírecanúną. Égi žige
he could come and live, they used to say. Then again

 


 

uañgᴇrútcgê wigaírêgi jë́skê naⁿdjodjaíⁿṇejê
Wągerúčge wigaíregi žéske nąjojaį́neže,
Giants* those who are called [that kind] they blessed him,

*Radin uniformly translates this by the literal "cannibals".

 


 

uañgᴇrútcgenôñk‘a dedjôⁿ agếdja. Wajᴀ́ⁿ wak‘aⁿtcáñkdjîⁿ
Wągerúčgenǫka tejǫ agéja. Wažą wakąčą́kjį
these Giants the sea across. Something very holy

 


 

wagánañkcê uañgᴇrútcgenôñk‘a. Uā́ñkcî́k wagánañkcê
wagánąkše, Wągerúčgenǫka. Wą́kšík wagánąkše.
they are said to be, these Giants.* Human beings they are said to be.

*this sentence was not translated.

 


 

uañkcî́k hiyáᵋŭanàñgwirê hicgê jë́skêxdjîⁿṇèjê,
Wąkšík hiyá’uanạ̀gwire hišge žéskexjįnèže,
Human beings they are like also to be very much like this

 


 

p. 310 —
hî́tᵋêtᵋéracgê híwik‘iskaírejê airecᴀnúnᴀⁿ. Wak‘aⁿtcáñk
hít’et’érašge híwikiskaíreže, airecanúną. Wakąčą́k
they speak also [they were equal,] it is said. Holy

 


 

hirejế, uáñgᴇrutcgê ā́nañgrê uañgᴇrútcwigê wánañkcê.
hirežé, Wą́geručge ánągre, wągerúčwige, wánąkše.
they are, the Giants it is said, they who ate human beings, it is told.

 


Source:

Paul Radin, "Personal Reminiscences of a Winnebago Indian," Journal of American Folk-Lore, 26, #102 (1913): 293-318 [308-310]. Informant: Sam Blowsnake, Thunderbird Clan.